Multiphase patterns in self-phase-locked optical parametric oscillators
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Multiphase patterns are found in a mean-field model of a singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator that converts a pump field at frequency 3ω into signal and idler fields at frequencies 2ω and ω. A complex Ginzburg-Landau equation without diffusion and with a quadratic phase-sensitive nonlinear term is derived under single-longitudinal and paraxial propagation approximations. Owing to the phase-matched multistep parametric process ω + ω = 2ω, phase locking of the resonated signal field is possible with three distinct phase states. Three-armed rotating spirals, target patterns and light filamentation are found by a numerical analysis of the mean-field equation.
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