Local environment and electron correlation effects on the magnetic properties of clusters
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The electronic and magnetic properties of clusters are investigated in the framework of the Hubbard model by treating electron correlations effects in a saddle-point slave-boson approximation. The size dependent single-particle spectrum is calculated using a third moment real-space expansion of the local density of states. Results for the magnetic moments, magnetic order, average number of double occupations and hopping renormalizations are given as a function of the local coordination number z, for different representative values of the Coulomb interaction strength U/t and band filling n. Several transitions between paramagnetic, ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic behaviors are obtained as a function of z. The environment dependence of the magnetic behavior and of the degree of electron delocalization is analyzed. Advantages and limitations of the present approach are discussed.
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