The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 9–12 | Cite as

A theory of electromagnetism with uniquely defined potential and covariant conserved spin

  • A. B. van OostenEmail author


The Lagrangian ½є0c2µAνµAν is shown to yield a non-gauge-invariant theory of electromagnetism. The potential is uniquely determined by the inhomogeneous wave equation and boundary conditions at infinity. The Lorenz condition and minimal coupling follow from charge conservation. Electromagnetic spin is conserved and a spin operator is proposed without sacrificing covariance. Covariant quantisation is carried out without redefining the metric. It is a valid alternative to the standard approach since it makes the same experimental predictions.


03.50.De Classical electromagnetism, Maxwell equations 42.50.-p Quantum optics 


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, IRSAMCUniversité Paul SabatierToulouseFrance

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