Commensurate-incommensurate transition in two-coupled chains of nearly half-filled electrons
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We investigate the physical properties of two coupled chains of electrons, with a nearly half-filled band, as a function of the interchain hopping t⊥ and the doping. We show that upon doping, the system undergoes a metal-insulator transition well described by a commensurate-incommensurate transition. By using bosonization and renormalization we determine the full phase diagram of the system, and the physical quantities such as the charge gap. In the commensurate phase two different regions, for which the interchain hopping is relevant and irrelevant exist, leading to a confinement-deconfinement crossover in this phase. A minimum of the charge gap is observed for values of t⊥ close to this crossover. At large t⊥ the region of the commensurate phase is enhanced, compared to a single chain. At the metal-insulator transition the Luttinger parameter takes the universal value Kρ* = 1, in agreement with previous results on special limits of this model.
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