Geometrical entropies. The extended entropy
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By taking into account a geometrical interpretation of the measurement process [1, 2], we define a set of measures of uncertainty. These measures will be called geometrical entropies. The amount of information is defined by considering the metric structure in the probability space. Shannon-von Neumann entropy is a particular element of this set. We show the incompatibility between this element and the concept of variance as a measure of the statistical fluctuations. When the probability space is endowed with the generalized statistical distance proposed in reference , we obtain the extended entropy. This element, which belongs to the set of geometrical entropies, is fully compatible with the concept of variance. Shannon-von Neumann entropy is recovered as an approximation of the extended entropy. The behavior of both entropies is compared in the case of a particle in a square-well potential.
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