Nonlinear Schrödinger equation and superfluid hydrodynamics
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We show that it is possible to generalize the Gross-Pitaevskii equation describing superfluidity in order to recover the two-fluid model, in the hydrodynamic limit, when the deviations from the equilibrium state are of long wavelength. When short distances are relevant, it is possible to keep trace of the purely quantum, non-hydrodynamic term of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, so that the Hills-Roberts model, which describes the healing phenomenon, is finally obtained.
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