Latest results from the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW double beta decay experiment
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New results for the double beta decay of 76Ge are presented. They are extracted from data obtained with the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW experiment, which operates five enriched 76Ge detectors in an extreme low-level environment in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. The two-neutrino-accompanied double beta decay is evaluated for the first time for all five detectors with a statistical significance of 47.7 kg y resulting in a half-life of T1/22ν = [1.55±0.01(stat)+0.19-0.15(syst)]×1021 y. The lower limit on the half-life of the 0νββ decay obtained with pulse shape analysis is T1/20ν > 1.9×1025(3.1×1025) y with 90% C.L. (68% C.L.) (with 35.5 kg y). This results in an upper limit of the effective Majorana-neutrino mass of 0.35 eV (0.27 eV) using the matrix elements of A. Staudt et al.'s work (Europhys. Lett. 13, 31 (1990)). This is the most stringent limit at present from double beta decay. No evidence for a majoron-emitting decay mode is observed.
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