Large germline deletions and duplication in isolated cerebral cavernous malformation patients
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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are vascular lesions that predispose to headaches, seizures, and hemorrhagic stroke. Hereditary CCMs are usually associated with the occurrence of multiple CCMs and occur with a frequency of 1:2,000 to 1:10,000. In this study, eight isolated cases with multiple CCMs but no CCM1-3 point mutation were analyzed using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay. Four genomic rearrangements were identified including a previously unreported large duplication within the CCM1 gene and a novel deletion involving the entire coding region of the CCM2 gene. Consequently, systematic screening for CCM deletions/duplications is recommended.