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Journal of Artificial Organs

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 469–474 | Cite as

Risk factors associated with inadequate veins for placement of arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis

  • Yuichi Sato
  • Masahito Miyamoto
  • Shina Sueki
  • Tsutomu Sakurada
  • Kenjiro Kimura
  • Ryuto Nakazawa
  • Maki Yoshioka
  • Hideo Sasaki
  • Satetsu Miyano
  • Tatsuya Chikaraishi
Original Article Artificial Kidney / Dialysis

Abstract

An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between the radial artery and cephalic vein at the wrist is the preferred type of hemodialysis vascular access. However, in the practice of access placement, we are aware that some patients fail to form the standard forearm radial–cephalic AVF, owing to naturally small veins or acquired abnormal lesions of the veins. To identify the risk factors for failure to form the standard AVF, we examined 305 consecutive patients who underwent first-time access surgery at our hospital from January 2006 to December 2010. We compared the patients’ characteristics between those having normal vessels and successfully forming the standard AVF, and those having apparently abnormal vessels and thus forming alternative types of access instead. Histories of major and minor surgery were specifically evaluated, assuming that surgical procedures in the past could potentially damage the superficial veins. We created 207 standard and 98 alternative accesses during the period and found that significantly more patients with alternative accesses (31 %) had undergone major surgery of a variety of specialties, in comparison with those with the standard AVF (15.0 %). Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that a history of major surgery (OR = 2.39, 95 %CI 1.29–4.47, p = 0.006) and female gender (OR = 1.87, 95 %CI 1.10–3.20, p = 0.02) were independent risk factors associated with failure to construct the standard AVF. Our results indicate that previous surgery can damage the superficial veins and cause venous abnormality, which makes construction of the standard AVF difficult. We propose that care should be taken to preserve the superficial veins when patients for whom dialysis therapy is a future possibility undergo surgical procedures, especially invasive ones.

Keywords

Arteriovenous fistula Hemodialysis Inadequate vein Cephalic vein Risk factor 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuichi Sato
    • 1
  • Masahito Miyamoto
    • 2
  • Shina Sueki
    • 2
  • Tsutomu Sakurada
    • 2
  • Kenjiro Kimura
    • 2
  • Ryuto Nakazawa
    • 1
  • Maki Yoshioka
    • 1
  • Hideo Sasaki
    • 1
  • Satetsu Miyano
    • 1
  • Tatsuya Chikaraishi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Integrated Care Center for the Kidney DiseasesSt. Marianna University School of MedicineKawasakiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Integrated Care Center for the Kidney DiseasesSt. Marianna University School of MedicineKawasakiJapan

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