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Pattern Analysis and Applications

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 58–69 | Cite as

An empirical study of machine learning techniques for affect recognition in human–robot interaction

  • Pramila RaniEmail author
  • Changchun Liu
  • Nilanjan Sarkar
  • Eric Vanman
Theoretical Advances

Abstract

Given the importance of implicit communication in human interactions, it would be valuable to have this capability in robotic systems wherein a robot can detect the motivations and emotions of the person it is working with. Recognizing affective states from physiological cues is an effective way of implementing implicit human–robot interaction. Several machine learning techniques have been successfully employed in affect-recognition to predict the affective state of an individual given a set of physiological features. However, a systematic comparison of the strengths and weaknesses of these methods has not yet been done. In this paper, we present a comparative study of four machine learning methods—K-Nearest Neighbor, Regression Tree (RT), Bayesian Network and Support Vector Machine (SVM) as applied to the domain of affect recognition using physiological signals. The results showed that SVM gave the best classification accuracy even though all the methods performed competitively. RT gave the next best classification accuracy and was the most space and time efficient.

Keywords

Affect recognition Machine learning Psychophysiology Emotional robotics 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pramila Rani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Changchun Liu
    • 1
  • Nilanjan Sarkar
    • 2
  • Eric Vanman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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