Optical Review

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 14–17

Estimation of the Refractive Index Change in Glass Induced by Femtosecond Laser Pulses

  • Tadamasa Toma
  • Yoshio Furuya
  • Wataru Watanabe
  • Kazuyoshi Itoh
  • Junji Nishii
  • Kenichi Hayashi
PHOTONICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS

DOI: 10.1007/s10043-000-0014-0

Cite this article as:
Toma, T., Furuya, Y., Watanabe, W. et al. OPT REV (2000) 7: 14. doi:10.1007/s10043-000-0014-0

Abstract

It is known that local refractive index change occurs when femtosecond laser pulses with extremely high peak power are launched into glass. We focused 130-femtosecond laser pulses of 800 nm into the bulk of glass and examined the shape of the induced refractive index change. We found that the length of the spot of the refractive index change along the optical axis reached about 30 μm despite the diameter being about 2 μm. To estimate the distribution of induced refractive index change, we fabricated Bragg grating by scanning the focused spot and calculated the amount of the change by applying Kogelnik’s coupled mode theory to the measured diffraction efficiencies of the higher order diffracted beams.

Key words

Bragg grating ultrashort pulses refractive index change self-focusing zone plate fabricating 

Copyright information

© The Optical Society of Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadamasa Toma
    • 1
  • Yoshio Furuya
    • 1
  • Wataru Watanabe
    • 1
  • Kazuyoshi Itoh
    • 1
  • Junji Nishii
    • 2
  • Kenichi Hayashi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsGraduate School of Engineering, Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Optical Material DivisionOsaka National Research Institute, Agency of Industrial Science and TechnologyOsakaJapan
  3. 3.Planning and Management Development, Research and Development CenterSumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.KanagawaJapan

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