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Granular Matter

, 21:7 | Cite as

Laboratory study on the compressibility of sand–rubber mixtures under one dimensional consolidation loading conditions

  • Ismail Benessalah
  • Ahmed Arab
  • Marwan Sadek
  • Rachid Bouferra
Original Paper
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

The continuous increase of road traffic needs in both developed and developing countries is accompanied by an important growth of highway transportation networks and consequently produce a huge amount of waste tires, and causes numerous environmental issues. On the other hand, due to their lightweight and high damping performance, several researchers are interested in the use of the soil–rubber mixtures for the attenuation of earthquake motions and ground vibrations by their capacity to absorb the external solicitations. However, several questions arise regarding the mechanical behaviour of the soil–rubber mixtures. This paper presents a thorough study on the impact of scrap tire addition on physical properties of Chlef sandy soil. A series of laboratory tests are conducted on sand–rubber mixtures with various percentage of crumb rubber: 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% by a dry weight. Oedometric tests are carried out in order to explore the influence of rubber particles on the sand compaction and consolidation with focusing on the compressibility parameter. The experimental tests show that the increase of the percentage of crumb rubber leads to an increase of both the compression index Cc and the swelling index Cs of sand–rubber mixtures, contrariwise, a slight decrease in the preconsolidation pressure and the oedometric modulus is observed.

Keywords

Sand–rubber mixtures Oedometric tests Compressibility Mechanical behaviour Swelling 

Abbreviations

Cunif

Coefficient of uniformity

Ccurv

Coefficient of curvature

fc

Fine content

φ

Friction angle

e

Void ratio

e0

Initial void ratio corresponding to H0

∆εv

Increment of vertical strain

∆sult

Final settlement for the loading increment (i.e. the change in sample height)

H0

Initial high of the specimens

emax

Maximum void ratio

emin

Minimum void ratio

Log σ

Logarithmic of the vertical loading

D50

Mean grain size

Ip

Plasticity index of the fine content

Dr

Relative density

γs

Unit weight of the solid grain

ρ_Rub

Rubber content

γ_Rub

Specific weight of rubber

σ′p

Preconsolidation pressure

Cc

Compression index

Cs

Swelling index

Eoed

Oedometric modulus

USCS

Unified soil classification system

SP

Sand poorly graduated

VT

Volume of the oedometric cell

mS

Mass of the sand–rubber mixture on the oedometric cell

cv

Coefficient of consolidation

U

Percentage of consolidation

t90

Consolidation time corresponding to U = 90%

Tv90

The time factor for the consolidation curve

H

Thickness of specimen at 90% consolidation

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their constructive and detailed comments. Tests were performed in the Laboratory of Material Sciences and Environment (LsmE) at UHBC University of Chlef. The authors express their gratitude to all who assist in the preparation of this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LsmE, Laboratory of Materials Sciences and EnvironmentUniv. UHBC of ChlefChlefAlgeria
  2. 2.LGCgE, Laboratory of Civil Engineering and Geo-EnvironmentUniversity of LilleLilleFrance
  3. 3.Doctoral School of Sciences and TechnologiesLebanese UniversityBeirutLebanon
  4. 4.Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyMarrakech UniversityMarrakechMorocco

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