Granular Matter

, 18:20 | Cite as

DEM investigations of two-dimensional granular vortex- and anti-vortex-structures during plane strain compression

  • J. Kozicki
  • J. TejchmanEmail author
Original Paper


The paper presents simulation results of a quasi-static plane strain compression test on cohesionless initially dense sand under constant lateral pressure using a three-dimensional discrete element method. Grains were modelled by means of spheres with contact moments imitating irregular particle shapes. The material behaviour was studied at both global and local levels. The stress–strain and volumetric-strain curves, distribution of void ratio, resultant grain rotation and contact forces were calculated. The main attention was paid to the appearance of plane strain granular micro-structures like vortex and anti-vortex structures in the granular specimen during deformation. In order to detect two-dimensional vortex and anti-vortex structures, a method based on orientation angles of displacement fluctuation vectors of neighbouring single spheres was used. The effect of the method parameters was also analyzed.


Plane strain compression testa Granular material Discrete element method Vortex Anti-vortex 



The authors would like to acknowledge the support by the Grant 2011/03/B/ST8/05865 “Experimental and theoretical investigations of micro-structural phenomena inside of shear localization in granular materials” financed by the Polish National Science Centre.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringGdańsk University of TechnologyGdańskPoland

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