Granular Matter

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 911–920 | Cite as

Comparison of different capillary bridge models for application in the discrete element method

  • Anton GladkyyEmail author
  • Rüdiger Schwarze
Original Paper


Weakly wetted granular material is the subject of many studies. Several formulations were proposed to calculate the capillary forces between wet particles. In this paper some of such models have been implemented in a DEM-framework, and simulation results were compared to experimental measurements. Also, the influence of capillary model type on macro parameters like local shear viscosity and cohesive parameters of sheared material have been investigated through the simulation of spherical beads using a DEM-model of a split-bottom shear-cell. It was concluded that the water content, simulated with the help of capillary bridge models, changes the macro-properties of the simulated granular material. Different capillary bridge models do not influence the macroscopic results visibly.


Granular material DEM Capillary bridge models  Liquid bridges 



Special thanks go to Stefan Luding and our partners at TU Dortmund and UTwente in this project for the helpful discussion.

Disclosure The authors express their thanks to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which supported this work within the DFG/STW project SCHW 1168/6-1 “Hydrodynamic theory of wet particle systems”.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mechanics and Fluid DynamicsTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

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