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Inguinal hernia repair in Nigeria: a survey of surgical trainees

  • B. O. IsmailaEmail author
  • B. T. Alayande
  • E. O. Ojo
  • A. Z. Sule
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Forum on primary monolateral uncomplicated inguinal hernia



Africa’s inguinal hernia burden is high with large numbers of untreated hernias. Mesh repair is recommended in developed countries, but the best repair in developing countries is unknown. Little is known about knowledge and practice of surgeons in Nigeria performing inguinal hernia repair. Surgical trainees can provide this information.


A questionnaire-based survey was administered to surgical trainees from all over Nigeria who had attended the West African College of Surgeons’ integrated revision course in Jos, on their practice and recommendations concerning elective inguinal hernia repair.


One hundred and nine surgical trainees (90.8%) consisting of 78 (71.6%) registrars and 30 (27.5%) senior registrars responded. Thirty-two (29.4%) used antibiotics routinely for inguinal hernia surgery. Ceftriaxone was the most widely used antibiotic (45%). Ninety-two (84.4%) respondents will perform this surgery as day case. Forty (36.7%) respondents stated modified Bassini repair as their preferred method of repair. Mesh repair was recommended by 93 (85.3%) respondents while 65 of 100 respondents (65%) recommended laparoscopic surgery. Of 103 respondents, 93 (90.3%) had performed inguinal hernia repair and 34 (33%), mesh repair. For 56 (51.4%) respondents, the most difficult part of open hernia surgery was sac dissection.


Surgical trainees in Nigeria perform more tissue-based inguinal hernia repair than mesh but majority would recommend both mesh repair and laparoscopic surgery. Majority found sac dissection as the most difficult part of open hernia surgery.


Inguinal hernia repair Surgical trainees Nigeria 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

BI declares no conflict of interest. BA declares no conflict of interest. EO declares no conflict of interest. AS declares no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This experiment complies with the laws in Nigeria where this study was carried out.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. O. Ismaila
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. T. Alayande
    • 1
  • E. O. Ojo
    • 1
  • A. Z. Sule
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryJos University Teaching HospitalJosNigeria

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