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Hernia

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 221–230 | Cite as

Early report of a randomized comparative clinical trial of Strattice™ reconstructive tissue matrix to lightweight synthetic mesh in the repair of inguinal hernias

  • C. F. BellowsEmail author
  • P. Shadduck
  • W. S. Helton
  • R. Martindale
  • B. C. Stouch
  • R. Fitzgibbons
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Biologic grafts are rarely used for inguinal herniorrhaphy. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between patients undergoing a Lichtenstein’s hernioplasty with a porcine mesh versus a standard synthetic.

Methods

A prospective, randomized, double-blinded multicenter, evaluation of inguinal hernia repair was conducted between 2008 and 2010. Lichtenstein hernioplasty was performed using Strattice™ or lightweight polypropylene (Ultrapro) mesh. Quality of life, pain, overall complication rate, and recurrence were measured.

Results

One hundred and seventy-two patients were randomized to Strattice™ (n = 84) or Ultrapro (n = 88). At 3 months postoperatively, there were no differences on the occurrence or type of wound events [RR: 0.98 (95 % CI 0.52–1.86, p = 0.69), Strattice™ (15 events) vs. Ultrapro (16 events)]. The mean level of impairment caused by the hernia, assessed by Activities Assessment Scale (AAS), significantly decreased postoperatively in both groups at 3 months (31 % Strattice™ and 37 % Ultrapro). Patients in the Strattice group reported significantly less postoperative pain during postoperative days 1 through 3 compared to Ultrapro patients. However, the amount of postoperative pain at 3 months, as assessed by the mean worst pain score on a visual analog scale and the Brief Pain Index, was similar between groups (95 % CI 1.0–29.3). No hernia recurrences were observed in either group.

Conclusions

Strattice™ is safe and effective in repairing inguinal hernia, with comparable intra-operative and early postoperative morbidity to synthetic mesh. Long-term follow-up is necessary in order to know whether the clinical outcomes of Strattice are equivalent to standard synthetic mesh in patients undergoing Lichtenstein’s hernioplasty.

Keywords

Inguinal hernia Biologic mesh Porcine dermis matrix 

Notes

Conflict of interest

All authors declare having received grant support in relation to this study from LifeCell Corporation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. F. Bellows
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Shadduck
    • 2
  • W. S. Helton
    • 3
  • R. Martindale
    • 4
  • B. C. Stouch
    • 5
  • R. Fitzgibbons
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Surgery SL-22Tulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.North Carolina Specialty Hospital and Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryVirginia Mason Medical CenterSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryOregon Health Sciences CenterPortlandUSA
  5. 5.Department BiostatisticsThe Philadelphia College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  6. 6.Department of SurgeryCreighton UniversityOmahaUSA

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