, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 177–181 | Cite as

The Pfannenstiel or so called “bikini cut”: Still effective more than 100 years after first description

  • K. KisielinskiEmail author
  • J. Conze
  • A. H. Murken
  • N. N. Lenzen
  • U. Klinge
  • V. Schumpelick


The original Pfannenstiel incision is discussed including the technique, history, current indications, advantages, and disadvantages. Excellent cosmetic results, principles of less traumatic surgery, and a rare incisional hernia complication rate of about 0–2%, as well as long-time use characterise this access path to the pelvic organs first described by the German gynaecologist in 1900. Complications of nerve damage, however, should be recognised, especially when extending the incision too far laterally.


Pfannenstiel incision Laparotomy Incisional hernia Minimally invasive surgery Cesarean section 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kisielinski
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Conze
    • 1
  • A. H. Murken
    • 2
  • N. N. Lenzen
    • 1
  • U. Klinge
    • 1
  • V. Schumpelick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery University HospitalRhenish Westphalian Technical UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Medical History and Theoretical MedicineRhenish Westphalian Technical UniversityAachenGermany

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