Environmental Engineering and Policy

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 149–154 | Cite as

Color removal of monoazo acid dye from aqueous solution by adsorption and chemical coagulation

  • S. Venkata Mohan
  • P. Sailaja
  • M. Srimurali
  • J. Karthikeyan


This communication presents the results of an investigation conducted on color removal from a monoazo acid dye, C.I. Acid Red 88, by adsorption onto coal based sorbents like Lignite coal, Charfines and Bituminous coal and F-400 Activated carbon and by chemical coagulation employing Aluminum sulfate, Ferric chloride, Manganese sulfate, Manganese chloride and Barium chloride.


Intraparticle Diffusion Color Removal Bituminous Coal Aluminum Sulfate Manganese Chloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of symbols


Contact time, minutes


Initial concentration of dye, mg/L


Concentration of dye at time t, mg/L


First Order Rate Constant, t−1


Pore Diffusion Constant, mg/g/min


Langmuir’s adsorption constant (energy), L/mg


Langmuir’s adsorption constant (capacity), mg/g


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmed MN, Ram RN (1992) Removal of basic dye from waste-water using silica as adsorbent. Environ Poll 77: 79–86Google Scholar
  2. Alexander F, McKay G (1977) Kinetics of the removal of basic dye from effluent using silica. Chem Eng 319: 243–247Google Scholar
  3. Barton SS (1987) The adsorption of methylene blue by active carbon. Carbon 25: 343–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bureau of Indian Standards (1974) Tolerance limits for industrial effluents discharged into inland surface waters. IS:2490 (Parts I–IX), Bureau of Indian Standards, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  5. Crank J (1965) The mathematics of discussion. Clarender Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Dave M (1974) Sorption of methylene blue on low cost sorbents, M Tech Thesis, IIT, KanpurGoogle Scholar
  7. EPA (1979) Textile mill point source category effluent limitation guidelines. Pretreatment standards and new source performance standards. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, Fed Reg 44: 62204–62241Google Scholar
  8. Fyre WH, Digano FA (1974) Adsorptive behavior of dispersed and basic textile dyes on activated carbon. Proc 29th Ind Waste Conf, Purdue University, PurdueGoogle Scholar
  9. Goel KA, Garg V (1980) Histopathological changes produced in the liver and kidney of Channa punctatus after exposure to 2, 3, 4-triaminoazpbenzone. Bull Environ Contam Toxicity25: 330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gupta GS, Prasad G, Singh VN (1988) Removal of color from wastewater by sorption for water reuse. J Water Poll Cont Fed 47: 1971–1980Google Scholar
  11. Hagar DG, Reely PB (1970) Clarification adsorption in the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater. J Water Poll Cont Fed 42: 794Google Scholar
  12. Kace JS, Linford HB (1975) Reduced cost flocculation of a textile dyeing wastewater. J Water Poll Cont Fed,47: 1971–1980Google Scholar
  13. Karthikeyan J (1987) Removal of color from synthetic dye effluents using low-cost materials. IAWPC Tech Annual 14: 6–11Google Scholar
  14. Karthikeyan J (1988) Removal of color from industrial effluents. In: Trivedy RK (ed) Pollution management in industries. Environmental Publication, KaradGoogle Scholar
  15. Karthikeyan J (1990) a study on color removal from textile dye waste by chemical treatment Ph.D. Thesis, IIT, KanpurGoogle Scholar
  16. Lin SH (1993) Adsorption of disperse dye by various adsorbents. J Chem Tech Biotechnol 58: 159–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Little LW, Lambill JC, Chillingworth MA, Durkin WB (1978) Acute toxicity of selected commercial dyes to the Fathead Minnow and evaluation of biological treatment for reduction of toxicity. Purdue Ind Waste Conf, Ann Arbor Sciences, Ann ArborGoogle Scholar
  18. Mall ID, Upadhyay SN (1995) Removal of basic dyes from wastewater using boiler bottom ash. Indian J Inviron Hlth 37: 1–10Google Scholar
  19. Manahan SE (1975) Cleaning coal with coal: Coal humic acids removal of acid, iron, heavy metals and organic pollutants associated with the use of coal as a fuel. Missouri Water Resource Center, University of Missouri, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  20. Mansi NMA, Fouad MMK (1994) Color removal from textile effluents by use of a cellulosic domestic waste materials. Modeling, Measurement and Control 45: 41–46Google Scholar
  21. McCarthy J (1950) A method for treatment of wool dyeing wastes. Sewage and Industrial Wastes 22(1):77–84Google Scholar
  22. McKay G (1980) Surface mass transfer during acid dye removal from waste using carbon. Institution of Chemical Engineers IIX:219–222Google Scholar
  23. McKay G, Allen SJ (1980) Surface mass transfer processes using peat as an adsorbent for dyestuffs. Canadian J Chem Engrg 58: 521–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McKay G, Otterburn MS, Sweeney AG (1981a) Activated char-coal as an adsorbent for basic yellow dye. Part II: Surface mass transfer processes. J Indian Chem Soc LVIII:1066–1070Google Scholar
  25. Namasivayam C, Yamuna RT (1992) Removal of congo red from aqueous solutions by biogas waste slurry. J Chem Tech Biotechnol 32: 749–758Google Scholar
  26. Pandey MP, Chaudhuri M (1982) Removal of inorganic mercury from water by bituminous coal. Water Res 16: 1113–1118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Perineau F, Molinier J, Gaset A (1982) Adsorption of ionic dyes on charred plant materials. J Chem Tech Biotechnol 32: 749–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ramprasad G (1983) Studies on the removal of dye color from aqueous solutions by adsorption on low cost materials, Ph.D. Thesis. S.V. University, TirupatiGoogle Scholar
  29. Rebhun M, Weimberg A, Narkis N (1970) Treatment of waste-water from cotton. Dyeing and finishing works for reuse. Proc 25th Ind Waste Conf, Purdue University, West Layfayette, IndianaGoogle Scholar
  30. Rinker TL, Sargent TN (1974) Activated sludge and alum coagulation treatment of textile wastewaters. Proc 29th Ind Waste Conf, Purdue University, West Layfayette, IndianaGoogle Scholar
  31. Souther RH, Alspaugh TA (1957) Textile wastes — recovery and treatment. Sewage and Industrial Wastes 29: 918–934Google Scholar
  32. Souther RH, Alspaugh TA (1958) Current research on textile waste treatment. Sewage and Industrial Wastes 30: 992–1011Google Scholar
  33. Venkata Mohan S, Karthikeyan J (1997) Removal of lignin and tannin color from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated charcoal. Environ Poll 97: 183–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Venkata Mohan
    • 1
  • P. Sailaja
    • 1
  • M. Srimurali
    • 1
  • J. Karthikeyan
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Civil EngineeringSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupatiIndia

Personalised recommendations