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Ecosystems

, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 1445–1458 | Cite as

Spatial Variation of Soil CO2, CH4 and N2O Fluxes Across Topographical Positions in Tropical Forests of the Guiana Shield

  • Elodie A. Courtois
  • Clément Stahl
  • Joke Van den Berge
  • Laëtitia Bréchet
  • Leandro Van Langenhove
  • Andreas Richter
  • Ifigenia Urbina
  • Jennifer L. Soong
  • Josep Peñuelas
  • Ivan A. Janssens
Article

Abstract

The spatial variation of soil greenhouse gas fluxes (GHG; carbon dioxide—CO2, methane—CH4 and nitrous oxide—N2O) remains poorly understood in highly complex ecosystems such as tropical forests. We used 240 individual flux measurements of these three GHGs from different soil types, at three topographical positions and in two extreme hydric conditions in the tropical forests of the Guiana Shield (French Guiana, South America) to (1) test the effect of topographical positions on GHG fluxes and (2) identify the soil characteristics driving flux variation in these nutrient-poor tropical soils. Surprisingly, none of the three GHG flux rates differed with topographical position. CO2 effluxes covaried with soil pH, soil water content (SWC), available nitrogen and total phosphorus. The CH4 fluxes were best explained by variation in SWC, with soils acting as a sink under drier conditions and as a source under wetter conditions. Unexpectedly, our study areas were generally sinks for N2O and N2O fluxes were partly explained by total phosphorus and available nitrogen concentrations. This first study describing the spatial variation of soil fluxes of the three main GHGs measured simultaneously in forests of the Guiana Shield lays the foundation for specific studies of the processes underlying the observed patterns.

Keywords

tropical forest GHG soil fluxes Guiana Shield soil characteristics spatial variation French Guiana 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the European Research Council Synergy grant ERC-2013-SyG 610028-IMBALANCE-P. We thank the staff of the Nouragues station, managed by USR mixte LEEISA (CNRS; Cayenne), and the Paracou station, managed by UMR Ecofog (CIRAD, INRA; Kourou). Both research stations received support from “Investissement d’Avenir” grants managed by Agence Nationale de la Recherche (CEBA: ANR-10-LABX-25-01, ANAEE-France: ANR-11-INBS-0001). We thank the subject-matter editor Dr Butterbach-Bahl, Dr Teh and one anonymous reviewer for their comments on previous versions of this manuscript. We thank Nicola Arriga, Jan Segers and Fred Kockelbergh for building the chambers and for advice on the field measurements. We are grateful to Stanislas Talaga, Jérôme Levy-Valensky and Jean-Pierre Robert for their help in the field, to Oriol Grau and Vincent Freycon for the identification and characterization of each topographical position and to Margarethe Watzka for the gas analyses.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (ps 358 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 15 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
Corrected publication August/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elodie A. Courtois
    • 1
    • 2
  • Clément Stahl
    • 1
    • 3
  • Joke Van den Berge
    • 1
  • Laëtitia Bréchet
    • 1
    • 3
  • Leandro Van Langenhove
    • 1
    • 3
  • Andreas Richter
    • 4
    • 5
  • Ifigenia Urbina
    • 6
    • 7
  • Jennifer L. Soong
    • 1
  • Josep Peñuelas
    • 6
    • 7
  • Ivan A. Janssens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plant and Vegetation Ecology)University of AntwerpWilrijkBelgium
  2. 2.Laboratoire Ecologie, évolution, interactions des systèmes amazoniens (LEEISA)Université de Guyane, CNRS, IFREMERCayenneFrench Guiana
  3. 3.INRA, UMR Ecology of Guiana Forests (Ecofog), AgroParisTech, Cirad, CNRS, Université des AntillesUniversité de GuyaneKourouFrench Guiana
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology and Ecosystem ScienceUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  5. 5.International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)LaxenburgAustria
  6. 6.CSIC, Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CSIC-UABBellaterra, CataloniaSpain
  7. 7.CREAFCataloniaSpain

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