Advertisement

Ecosystems

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 368–379 | Cite as

Soil Methane Uptake Increases under Continuous Throughfall Reduction in a Temperate Evergreen, Broadleaved Eucalypt Forest

  • Benedikt Fest
  • Nina Hinko-Najera
  • Joseph C. von Fischer
  • Stephen J. Livesley
  • Stefan K. Arndt
Article

Abstract

Soils in temperate forests ecosystems are the greatest terrestrial CH4 sink globally. Global and regional circulation models predict decreased average rainfall, increased extreme rainfall events and increased temperatures for many temperate ecosystems. However, most studies of soil CH4 uptake have only considered extended periods of drought rather than an overall decrease in rainfall amount. We measured soil CH4 uptake from March 2010 to March 2012 after installing passive rainfall reduction systems to intercept approximately 40% of throughfall in a temperate broadleaf evergreen eucalypt forest in south-eastern Australia. Throughfall reduction caused an average reduction of 15.1 ± 6.4% (SE) in soil volumetric water content, a reduction of 19.8 ± 6.9% in soil water-filled pore space (%WFPS) and a 20.1 ± 6.8% increase in soil air-filled porosity. In response to these changes, soil CH4 uptake increased by 54.7 ± 19.3%. The increase in soil CH4 uptake could be explained by increased diffusivity in drier soils, whilst the activity of methanotrophs remained relatively unchanged. It is likely that soil CH4 uptake will increase if rainfall reduces in temperate broadleaf evergreen forests of Australia as a consequence of climate change.

Keywords

soil CH4 exchange soil moisture sensitivity soil temperature drought dry sclerophyll eucalypt forest throughfall reduction climate change south-eastern Australia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was supported by funding from the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) Australian Supersite Network, the TERN OzFlux Network, the Australian Research Council (ARC) grants LE0882936 and DP120101735 and the Integrated Forest Ecosystem Research program funded by the Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planning. The authors specially thank the many internship students from the Institut Polytechnique LaSalle Beauvais, and Xin Kun and Julio Najera, who helped them with field data collection and in the laboratory, and Ian Gordon and Rachel Sore for their advice in statistical analyses.

References

  1. Ashworth J, Keyes D, Kirk R, Lessard R. 2001. Standard procedure in the hydrometer method for particle size analysis. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 32:633–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ball BC, Dobbie KE, Parker JP, Smith KA. 1997. The influence of gas transport and porosity on methane oxidation in soils. J Geophys Res Atmos 102:23301–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Billings SA, Richter DD, Yarie J. 2000. Sensitivity of soil methane fluxes to reduced precipitation in boreal forest soils. Soil Biol Biochem 32:1431–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blankinship JC, Brown JR, Dijkstra P, Allwright MC, Hungate BA. 2010. Response of terrestrial CH4 uptake to interactive changes in precipitation and temperature along a climatic gradient. Ecosystems 13:1157–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borken W, Brumme R. 1997. Liming practice in temperate forest ecosystems and the effects on CO2, N2O and CH4 fluxes. Soil Use Manag 13:251–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borken W, Brumme R, Xu YJ. 2000. Effects of prolonged soil drought on CH4 oxidation in a temperate spruce forest. J Geophys Res Atmos 105:7079–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Borken W, Davidson EA, Savage K, Sundquist ET, Steudler P. 2006. Effect of summer throughfall exclusion, summer drought, and winter snow cover on methane fluxes in a temperate forest soil. Soil Biol Biochem 38:1388–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Born M, Dorr H, Levin I. 1990. Methane consumption in aerated soils of the temperate zone. Tellus B 42:2–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bowden RD, Newkirk KM, Rullo GM. 1998. Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes by a forest soil under laboratory-controlled moisture and temperature conditions. Soil Biol Biochem 30:1591–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brumme R, Borken W. 1999. Site variation in methane oxidation as affected by atmospheric deposition and type of temperate forest ecosystem. Global Biogeochem Cycles 13:493–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Butterbach-Bahl K, Breuer L, Gasche R, Willibald G, Papen H. 2002a. Exchange of trace gases between soils and the atmosphere in Scots pine forest ecosystems of the northeastern German lowlands 1. Fluxes of N2O, NO/NO2 and CH4 at forest sites with different N-deposition. For Ecol Manag 167:123–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Butterbach-Bahl K, Papen H. 2002. Four years continuous record of CH4-exchange between the atmosphere and untreated and limed soil of a N-saturated spruce and beech forest ecosystem in Germany. Plant Soil 240:77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Butterbach-Bahl K, Rothe A, Papen H. 2002b. Effect of tree distance on N2O and CH4-fluxes from soils in temperate forest ecosystems. Plant Soil 240:91–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Castaldi S, Fierro A. 2005. Soil-atmosphere methane exchange in undisturbed and burned Mediterranean shrubland of southern Italy. Ecosystems 8:182–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Castro MS, Melillo JM, Steudler PA, Chapman JW. 1994. Soil-moisture as a predictor of methane uptake by temperate forest soils. Can J For Res 24:1805–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Conrad R. 2007. Microbial ecology of methanogens and methanotrophs. In: Donald LS, Ed. Advances in agronomy. Boston: Academic Press. p 1–63.Google Scholar
  17. Crill PM. 1991. Seasonal patterns of methane uptake and carbon dioxide release by a temperate woodland soil. Global Biogeochem Cycles 5:319–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. CSIRO. 2010. Climate variability and change in south-eastern Australia: a synthesis of findings from Phase 1 of the South Eastern Australian Climate Initiative (SEACI). Australia. p 36.Google Scholar
  19. CSIRO. 2012. Climate and water availability in south-eastern Australia: a synthesis of findings from Phase 2 of the South Eastern Australian Climate Initiative (SEACI). Australia. p 41.Google Scholar
  20. CSIRO, Australian Bureau of Meteorology. 2007. Climate change in Australia. Australia: CSIRO. p p148.Google Scholar
  21. CSIRO, Australian Bureau of Meteorology. 2012. State of the climate 2012. Australia: CSIRO. p p12.Google Scholar
  22. Dalal RC, Allen DE. 2008. Greenhouse gas fluxes from natural ecosystems. Aust J Bot 56:369–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dalal RC, Allen DE, Livesley SJ, Richards G. 2008. Magnitude and biophysical regulators of methane emission and consumption in the Australian agricultural, forest, and submerged landscapes: a review. Plant Soil 309:43–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Degelmann DM, Borken W, Kolb S. 2009. Methane oxidation kinetics differ in European beech and Norway spruce soils. Eur J Soil Sci 60:499–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Del Grosso SJ, Parton WJ, Mosier AR, Ojima DS, Potter CS, Borken W, Brumme R, Butterbach-Bahl K, Crill PM, Dobbie K, Smith KA. 2000. General CH4 oxidation model and comparisons of CH4 oxidation in natural and managed systems. Global Biogeochem Cycles 14:999–1019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dijkstra FA, Morgan JA, Follett RF, LeCain DR. 2013. Climate change reduces the net sink of CH4 and N2O in a semiarid grassland. Global Change Biol 19:1816–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dijkstra FA, Morgan JA, von Fischer JC, Follett RF. 2011. Elevated CO2 and warming effects on CH4 uptake in a semiarid grassland below optimum soil moisture. J Geophys Res. doi: 10.1029/2010JG001288.Google Scholar
  28. Dutaur L, Verchot LV. 2007. A global inventory of the soil CH4 sink. Global Biogeochem Cycles. doi: 10.1029/2006GB002734.Google Scholar
  29. Farquharson R, Baldock J. 2008. Concepts in modelling N2O emissions from land use. Plant Soil 309:147–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fest B, Wardlaw T, Livesley SJ, Duff TJ, Arndt SK. 2015. Changes in soil moisture drive soil methane uptake along a fire regeneration chronosequence in a eucalypt forest landscape. Global Change Biol 21:4250–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fest BJ, Livesley SJ, Drösler M, van Gorsel E, Arndt SK. 2009. Soil-atmosphere greenhouse gas exchange in a cool, temperate Eucalyptus delegatensis forest in south-eastern Australia. Agric For Meteorol 149:393–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gulledge J, Schimel JP. 1998. Low-concentration kinetics of atmospheric CH4 oxidation in soil and mechanism of NH4 + inhibition. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4291–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Hartmann AA, Buchmann N, Niklaus PA. 2011. A study of soil methane sink regulation in two grasslands exposed to drought and N fertilization. Plant Soil 342:265–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hutchinson GL, Mosier AR. 1981. Improved soil cover method for field measuremet of nitrous-oxide fluxes. Soil Sci Soc Am J 45:311–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. IPCC. 2013. The scientific basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change.In: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner G-K, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels S, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 1535.Google Scholar
  36. Kaleita AL, Heitman JL, Logsdon SD. 2005. Field calibration of the theta probe for Des Moines lobe soils. Appl Eng Agric 21:865–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Koster RD, Dirmeyer PA, Guo ZC, Bonan G, Chan E, Cox P, Gordon CT, Kanae S, Kowalczyk E, Lawrence D, Liu P, Lu CH, Malyshev S, McAvaney B, Mitchell K, Mocko D, Oki T, Oleson K, Pitman A, Sud YC, Taylor CM, Verseghy D, Vasic R, Xue YK, Yamada T, Team G. 2004. Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitation. Science 305:1138–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Livesley SJ, Grover S, Hutley LB, Jamali H, Butterbach-Bahl K, Fest B, Beringer J, Arndt SK. 2011. Seasonal variation and fire effects on CH4, N2O and CO2 exchange in savanna soils of northern Australia. Agric For Meteorol 151:1440–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Livesley SJ, Kiese R, Miehle P, Weston CJ, Butterbach-Bahl K, Arndt SK. 2009. Soil-atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases in a Eucalyptus marginata woodland, a clover-grass pasture, and Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus plantations. Global Change Biol 15:425–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Loveday J, Commonwealth Bureau of Soils. 1973. Methods for analysis of irrigated soils. Farnham Royal: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux. p 208.Google Scholar
  41. Millington R, Quirk JP. 1961. Permeability of porous solids. Trans Faraday Soc 57:1200–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Moldrup P, Olesen T, Rolston DE, Yamaguchi T. 1997. Modeling diffusion and reaction in soils. 7. Predicting gas and ion diffusivity in undisturbed and sieved soils. Soil Sci 162:632–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nesbit SP, Breitenbeck GA. 1992. A laboratory study of factors influencing methane uptake by soils. Agric Ecosyst Environ 41:39–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ojima DS, Valentine DW, Mosier AR, Parton WJ, Schimel DS. 1993. Effect of land-use change on methane oxidation in temperate forest and grassland soils. Chemosphere 26:675–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Potter CS, Davidson EA, Verchot LV. 1996. Estimation of global biogeochemical controls and seasonality in soil methane consumption. Chemosphere 32:2219–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Price SJ, Sherlock RR, Kelliher FM, McSeveny TM, Tate KR, Condron LM. 2003. Pristine New Zealand forest soil is a strong methane sink. Global Change Biol 10:16–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Robinson N, Rees D, Reynard K, MacEwan R, Dahlhaus P, Imhof M, Boyle G, Baxter N. 2003. A land resource assessment of the Corangamite region. Bendigo: Primary Industries Research Victoria. p 121.Google Scholar
  48. Rolston DE, Glauz RD, Grundmann GL, Louie DT. 1991. Evaluation of an insitu mehtod for measurement of gas diffusivity in surface soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 55:1536–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Seneviratne SI, Corti T, Davin EL, Hirschi M, Jaeger EB, Lehner I, Orlowsky B, Teuling AJ. 2010. Investigating soil moisture-climate interactions in a changing climate: a review. Earth Sci Rev 99:125–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Seneviratne SI, Luthi D, Litschi M, Schar C. 2006. Land-atmosphere coupling and climate change in Europe. Nature 443:205–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Smith KA, Ball T, Conen F, Dobbie KE, Massheder J, Rey A. 2003. Exchange of greenhouse gases between soil and atmosphere: interactions of soil physical factors and biological processes. Eur J Soil Sci 54:779–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Stiehl-Braun PA, Hartmann AA, Kandeler E, Buchmann N, Niklaus PA. 2011. Interactive effects of drought and N fertilization on the spatial distribution of methane assimilation in grassland soils. Global Change Biol 17:2629–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. The Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability. 2012. Foundation paper one; climate change victoria: the science, our people and our state of play. Melbourne: The Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability. p 144.Google Scholar
  54. Torn MS, Harte J. 1996. Methane consumption by montane soils: Implications for positive and negative feedback with climatic change. Biogeochemistry 32:53–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. von Fischer JC, Butters G, Duchateau PC, Thelwell RJ, Siller R. 2009. In situ measures of methanotroph activity in upland soils: a reaction-diffusion model and field observation of water stress. J Geophys Res Biogeosci . doi: 10.1029/2008JG000731.Google Scholar
  56. von Fischer JC, Hedin LO. 2007. Controls on soil methane fluxes: Tests of biophysical mechanisms using stable isotope tracers. Global Biogeochem Cycles. doi: 10.1029/2006GB002687.Google Scholar
  57. von Fischer JC, Rhew RC, Ames GM, Fosdick BK, von Fischer PE. 2010. Vegetation height and other controls of spatial variability in methane emissions from the Arctic coastal tundra at Barrow, Alaska. J Geophys Res Biogeosci . doi: 10.1029/2009JG001283.Google Scholar
  58. Wood TE, Silver WL. 2012. Strong spatial variability in trace gasdynamics following experimental drought in a humid tropical forest. Global Biogeochem Cycles . doi: 10.1029/2010GB004014.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benedikt Fest
    • 1
  • Nina Hinko-Najera
    • 2
  • Joseph C. von Fischer
    • 3
  • Stephen J. Livesley
    • 1
  • Stefan K. Arndt
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Ecosystem and Forest SciencesThe University of MelbourneRichmondAustralia
  2. 2.School of Ecosystem and Forest SciencesThe University of MelbourneCreswickAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Graduate Degree Program in EcologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations