Advertisement

Ecosystems

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 881–882 | Cite as

From Abandoned Farmland to Self-Sustaining Forests: Challenges and Solutions

  • Vânia Proença
  • João Honrado
  • Henrique Miguel Pereira
Article

In a global context dominated by forest loss and degradation, farmland abandonment may constitute a unique opportunity to restore native forest systems and forest ecosystem services. In Europe, 16 million hectares of agricultural land may be released by 2020, according to recent scenarios of land-use change (Keenleyside and others 2010). Farmland abandonment tends to occur in areas where agricultural activities lost economical viability, namely in areas of marginal farmland and in degraded land (Keenleyside and others 2010). The potential impacts of farmland abandonment for biodiversity conservation and the delivery of ecosystem services will vary according to the local environmental and cultural context. The responses to avoid or minimize impacts of abandonment should take into consideration both the environmental conditions of the ecosystem and the economic viability of the restoration or management approach (Chazdon 2008; Benayas and others 2007). In Europe, responses to the threat...

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Biodiversity Conservation Abandoned Farmland Forest Ecosystem Service Farmland Abandonment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Benayas JMR, Martins A, Nicolau JM, Schulz JJ. 2007. Abandonment of agricultural land: an overview of drivers and consequences. CAB Rev Perspect Agric Vet Sci Nutr Nat Resour 2:1–14.Google Scholar
  2. Chazdon RL. 2008. Beyond deforestation: restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands. Science 320:1458–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Keenleyside C, Tucker G, McConville A. 2010. Farmland abandonment in the eu: an assessment of trends and prospects. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.Google Scholar
  4. Klyza CM, Ed. 2001. Wilderness comes home: rewilding the Northeast. Hanover: University Press of New England.Google Scholar
  5. Phalan B, Onial M, Balmford A, Green RE. 2011. Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared. Science 333:1289–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vânia Proença
    • 1
    • 2
  • João Honrado
    • 3
  • Henrique Miguel Pereira
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Biologia AmbientalFaculdade de Ciências da Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.IN+, Centro de Estudos em Inovação, Tecnologia e Políticas de Desenvolvimento, Área Científica de Ambiente e EnergiaInstituto Superior TécnicoLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Biodiversity and Conservation Ecology Group, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations