Ecosystems

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 650–661

Climate Change Affects Carbon Allocation to the Soil in Shrublands

  • Antonie Gorissen
  • Albert Tietema
  • Nina N. Joosten
  • Marc Estiarte
  • Josep Peñuelas
  • Alwyn Sowerby
  • Bridget A. Emmett
  • Claus Beier
OriginalPaper

DOI: 10.1007/s10021-004-0218-4

Cite this article as:
Gorissen, A., Tietema, A., Joosten, N. et al. Ecosystems (2004) 7: 650. doi:10.1007/s10021-004-0218-4

Abstract

Climate change may affect ecosystem functioning through increased temperatures or changes in precipitation patterns. Temperature and water availability are important drivers for ecosystem processes such as photosynthesis, carbon translocation, and organic matter decomposition. These climate changes may affect the supply of carbon and energy to the soil microbial population and subsequently alter decomposition and mineralization, important ecosystem processes in carbon and nutrient cycling. In this study, carried out within the cross-European research project CLIMOOR, the effect of climate change, resulting from imposed manipulations, on carbon dynamics in shrubland ecosystems was examined. We performed a 14C-labeling experiment to probe changes in net carbon uptake and allocation to the roots and soil compartments as affected by a higher temperature during the year and a drought period in the growing season. Differences in climate, soil, and plant characteristics resulted in a gradient in the severity of the drought effects on net carbon uptake by plants with the impact being most severe in Spain, followed by Denmark, with the UK showing few negative effects at significance levels of p ≤ 0.10. Drought clearly reduced carbon flow from the roots to the soil compartments. The fraction of the 14C fixed by the plants and allocated into the soluble carbon fraction in the soil and to soil microbial biomass in Denmark and the UK decreased by more than 60%. The effects of warming were not significant, but, as with the drought treatment, a negative effect on carbon allocation to soil microbial biomass was found. The changes in carbon allocation to soil microbial biomass at the northern sites in this study indicate that soil microbial biomass is a sensitive, early indicator of drought- or temperature-initiated changes in these shrubland ecosystems. The reduced supply of substrate to the soil and the response of the soil microbial biomass may help to explain the observed acclimation of CO2 exchange in other ecosystems.

drought increased temperature 14C-pulse-labeling Calluna vulgaris Erica multiflora soil microbial biomass 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonie Gorissen
    • 1
  • Albert Tietema
  • Nina N. Joosten
    • 1
  • Marc Estiarte
  • Josep Peñuelas
  • Alwyn Sowerby
  • Bridget A. Emmett
  • Claus Beier
  1. 1.Plant Research InternationalP.O. Box 16, 6700 AA WageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Center for Geo-ecological Research (ICG)Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)–Physical Geography, University of AmsterdamNieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV AmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Unitat d’Ecofisiologia CSIC–CEAB–CREAF, CREAF (Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications)Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Centre for Ecology and Hydrology–BangorBangorUnited Kingdom
  5. 5.RISØ National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark

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