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Ecosystems

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 619–629 | Cite as

Ecosystem Respiration in a Cool Temperate Bog Depends on Peat Temperature But Not Water Table

  • P.M. LafleurEmail author
  • T.R. Moore
  • N.T. Roulet
  • S. Frolking
Article

Abstract

Ecosystem respiration (ER) is an important but poorly understood part of the carbon (C) budget of peatlands and is controlled primarily by the thermal and hydrologic regimes. To establish the relative importance of these two controls for a large ombrotrophic bog near Ottawa, Canada, we analyzed ER from measurements of nighttime net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) determined by eddy covariance technique. Measurements were made from May to October over five years, 1998 to 2002. Ecosystem respiration ranged from less than 1 μmol CO2 m−2 s−1 in spring (May) and fall (late October) to 2–4 μmol CO2 m−2 s−1 during mid-summer (July-August). As anticipated, there was a strong relationship between ER and peat temperatures (r2 = 0.62). Q10 between 5° to 15°C varied from 2.2 to 4.2 depending upon the choice of depth where temperature was measured and location within a hummock or hollow. There was only a weak relationship between ER and water-table depth (r2 = 0.11). A laboratory incubation of peat cores at different moisture contents showed that CO2 production was reduced by drying in the surface samples, but there was little decrease in production due to drying from below a depth of 30 cm. We postulate that the weak correlation between ER and water table position in this peatland is primarily a function of the bog being relatively dry, with water table varying between 30 and 75 cm below the hummock tops. The dryness gives rise to a complex ER response to water table involving i) compensations between production of CO2 in the upper and lower peat profile as the water table falls and ii) the importance of autotrophic respiration, which is relatively independent of water-table position.

Keywords

ecosystem respiration carbon dioxide peatland bog eddy covariance soil climate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project has been supported by funds from the NSERC Strategic Grant Program, NSERC Discovery Grants Program, the NSERC/CFCAS/BIOCAP Canada Fluxnet Canada Research Network, and the NASA Terrestrial Ecology and EOS Interdisciplinary Science Programs (to SF). We thank the National Capital Commission for permission to use Mer Bleue and Gershon Rother for his assistance over the last five years. We thank Adina Gillespie for laboratory assistance and Jill Bubier for insightful comments and suggestions. The authors are grateful to two anonymous reviewers and Ecosystems subject editor Dr. G. Shaver for their helpful suggestions on this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.M. Lafleur
    • 1
    Email author
  • T.R. Moore
    • 2
  • N.T. Roulet
    • 2
  • S. Frolking
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyTrent UniversityPeterboroughCanada
  2. 2.Department of Geography and The Centre for Climate & Global Change ResearchMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Institute for the Study of Earth, Ocean and SpaceUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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