Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 37–60 | Cite as

Natural disaster mitigation through voluntary donations in a developing country: the case of Bangladesh

  • Shibly Shahrier
  • Koji KotaniEmail author
Research Article


This paper addresses voluntary donations in Bangladesh with a specific eye on natural disaster mitigation. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 1000 respondents in which labor and money donations to collective disaster mitigation were elicited. We characterize labor and money donations in relation to socioeconomic variables such as income, education, family structure, and occupation using bivariate probit and Tobit regressions. The analysis finds that age, family structure, education, income and occupation are important determinants for Bangladeshi people to decide between labor and money donations as well as their respective amount. The poor and less educated households with high natural resource dependence are identified to significantly contribute to overall donations via labor. The rich and more educated people with low natural resource dependence are willing to donate money and little labor, but the magnitude of donations is small. Labor and money donations exhibit the relation of substitutability with respect to most socioeconomic variables. Education and income do not positively affect overall donations in Bangladesh. This finding is in sharp contrast with the studies in USA or Europe, and illustrates that labor donation is an important channel to natural disaster mitigation that should be utilized for public betterment in developing countries.


Labor donation Natural disaster mitigation Developing country 



The authors thank the anonymous referees, Makoto Kakinaka, Hiroaki Miyamoto and Raja Timilsina for their helpful comments, advice and support. The authors are also grateful to the various supports from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science as the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research B (16H03621), BRAC University and Kochi University of Technology.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We do not have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and Social SciencesBRAC UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.School of Economics and ManagementKochi University of TechnologyKochiJapan
  3. 3.Research Institute for Future DesignKochi University of TechnologyKochiJapan
  4. 4.Urban InstituteKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  5. 5.College of Business, Rikkyo UniversityTokyoJapan

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