Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 395–416

Eco-efficiency analysis of French firms: a data envelopment analysis approach

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10018-015-0115-4

Cite this article as:
Lahouel, B.B. Environ Econ Policy Stud (2016) 18: 395. doi:10.1007/s10018-015-0115-4


This paper addresses the issue of assessing eco-efficiency when good and undesirable outputs are jointly produced. We propose that eco-efficiency can be decomposed into two parts: resource efficiency and ecological efficiency. We provide a conceptual framework based on data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach to measure and benchmark eco-efficiency. The study is conducted between 2011 and 2012 using real data from 17 French firms belonging to the services to consumers industry, by developing DEA-based models. The results indicate that only three firms in the sample of the study are relatively eco-efficient. We find that eco-efficiency is closely related to environmental efficiency. The results also show that company size, expressed in terms of turnover and number of employees, is inversely related to eco-efficiency scores.


Eco-efficiency Environmental management Data envelopment analysis Efficiency scores Sustainability 

JEL Classification

M-Business Administration and Business Economics Marketing Accounting Q-Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics Environmental and Ecological Economics 

Copyright information

© Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies and Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Cergy-PontoiseCergy-PontoiseFrance
  2. 2.ESSEC Chair of Change, ESSEC Business SchoolCergy-PontoiseFrance

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