Infiltrating the zebrafish swarm: design, implementation and experimental tests of a miniature robotic fish lure for fish–robot interaction studies
- 321 Downloads
Robotic fish are nowadays developed for various types of research, such as bio-inspiredrobotics, biomimetics and animal behavior studies. In the context of our research on the social interactions of the zebrafish Danio Rerio, we developed a miniature robotic fish lure for direct underwater interaction with the living fish. This remotely controlled and waterproof device has a total length of 7.5 cm with the same size ratio as zebrafish and is able to beat its tail with different frequencies and amplitudes, while following the group of living animals using a mobile robot moving outside water that is coupled with the robotic lure using magnets. The robotic lure is also equipped with a rechargeable battery and can be used autonomously underwater for experiments of up to 1 h. We performed experiments with the robot moving inside an aquarium with living fish to analyze its impact on the zebrafish behavior. We found that the beating rate of the tail increased the attractiveness of the lure among the zebrafish shoal. We also demonstrated that the lure could influence a collective decision of the zebrafish shoal, the swimming direction, when moving with a constant linear speed inside a circular corridor. This new robotic fish design and the experimental results are promising for the field of fish–robot interaction.
KeywordsBiomimetics Bio-inspired Robotics Multi-agent systems Animal–robot interaction
This work was supported by the EU-ICT project ASSISIbf, No. 601074. The information provided is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not reflect the European Commissions opinion. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that might be made of data appearing in this publication. We also thank Daniel Burnier and Norbert Crot (LSRO) for the technical support during RiBot design and production.
- 1.Mondada F, Martinoli A, Correll N, Gribovskiy A, Halloy J, Siegwart R, Deneubourg J-L (2013) A general methodology for the control of mixed natural-artificial societies. In: Kernbach S (ed) Handbook of collective robotics, Chapter 15. Pan Stanford Publishing, Singapore, pp 547–586Google Scholar
- 5.Gribovksiy A, Halloy J, Deneubourg J.-L., Mondada F (2010) The poulbot, a mobile robot for ethological studies on domestic chickens. Symposium on AI-Inspired BiologyGoogle Scholar
- 6.Reed B, Jennings M (2010) Guidance on the housing and care of Zebrafish Danio Rerio. Research Animals Department, Science Group, RSPCAGoogle Scholar
- 9.Marras S, Porfiri M (2012) Fish and robots swimming together: attraction towards the robot demands biomimetic locomotion. J R Soc Interface 9(73):1856–1868Google Scholar
- 10.Faria J, Dyer J, Clment R, Couzin I, Holt N, Ward A, Waters D, Krause J (2010) A novel method for investigating the collective behaviour of fish: Introducing Robofish. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 64:1211–1218Google Scholar
- 12.Landgraf T, Nguyen H, Forgo S, Schneider J, Schrer J, Krger C, Matzke H, Clment R, Krause J, Rojas R (2013) Interactive robotic fish for the analysis of swarm behavior. In: Tan Y, Shi Y, Mo H (eds) ICSI (1), ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. vol. 7928, pp 1–10Google Scholar
- 13.Bonnet F, Rétornaz P, Halloy J, Gribovskiy A, Mondada F (2012) Development of a mobile robot to study the collective behavior of zebrafish. Proc IEEE Int Conf Biomed Robot Biomechatron BioRob 4:437–442Google Scholar
- 14.Bonnet F, Binder S, Elias de Oliveira M, Halloy J and Mondada F (2014) A Miniature mobile robot developed to be socially integrated with species of small fish. IEEE international conference on robotics and biomimetics, Bali, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar