Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 3383–3389 | Cite as

Remarkable electrochemical performance of 0.5Li2MnO3·0.5LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 synthesized by means of a citric acid–aided route

  • Anna V. Potapenko
  • Mengqiang Wu
  • Sviatoslav A. KirillovEmail author
Original Paper


Lithium-manganese-rich–lithiated nickel-manganese-cobalt oxides are advantageous for using in lithium-ion batteries due to low toxicity and high specific capacity but suffer from low high-rate capability. In this paper, characterization and electrochemical testing of 0.5Li2MnO3·0.5LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 (Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.52Co0.08O2) obtained by means of a citric acid–aided route is described. It demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance possessing specific capacity equal to the theoretical value (280 mAh g−1), being able to be discharged with currents of 2240 mA g−1 (8 C), having high coulombic efficiency (~ 99%) even after high-rate tests, and manifesting low capacity fade after high current loads and upon further cycling by 0.1 C currents (0.144 mAh g−1 per cycle).


LMR-NMC materials Lithium-ion batteries 0.5Li2MnO3·0.5LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 (Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.52Co0.08O2High-rate performance 


Funding information

Financial support to A.V.P. from School of Materials and Energy, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials and EnergyUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Joint Department of Electrochemical Energy SystemsKyivUkraine

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