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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 3373–3382 | Cite as

Synthesis of polyaniline/graphene composite and its application in zinc-rechargeable batteries

  • Zhen Wang
  • Jia-Jun HanEmail author
  • Ning Zhang
  • Dan-Dan Sun
  • Tao Han
Original Paper
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

Polyaniline, polyaniline/graphene composites were synthesized by a novel in situ chemical oxidative polymerization method including two oxidants. The morphology and structure of the material were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The electrochemical performance of polyaniline (PANI)-based composites was tested by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) testing, and constant current charge and discharge (GCD) tests. At 0.2 C of constant current, the discharge specific capacities of PANI/graphene oxide (PANI/GO) and PANI/GO-sodium borohydride (graphene oxide is reduced by sodium borohydride, named PANI/GO-NaBH4) were as high as 183 mAh/g and 192 mAh/g, respectively, which was nearly twice as high as that of PANI (100 mAh/g). After 100 charge and discharge cycles, the capacity retention rates of PANI, PANI/GO, and PANI/GO-NaBH4 were 80.4%, 89.4%, and 95.05%, respectively; the cycle performance was greatly improved before the modification. These results indicate that the composite has exciting potentials for the cathode material of zinc-rechargeable battery.

Keywords

Polyaniline Zinc Graphene Chemical oxidation polymerization High specific capacity 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Wang
    • 1
  • Jia-Jun Han
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ning Zhang
    • 1
  • Dan-Dan Sun
    • 1
  • Tao Han
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Marine Science and TechnologyHarbin Institute of TechnologyWeihaiChina

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