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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 3363–3372 | Cite as

The effect of carbon coating on graphite@nano-Si composite as anode materials for Li-ion batteries

  • Wenping Liu
  • Huarui XuEmail author
  • Haiqing QinEmail author
  • Yanlu Lv
  • Feng Wang
  • Guisheng Zhu
  • Feng Lin
  • Lihui Wang
  • Chengyuan Ni
Original Paper
  • 84 Downloads

Abstract

The graphite@nano-Si@C composite was prepared by a designed hot reactor with stirring function by coating pitch carbon on the surface of graphite@nano-Si composite, and the effect of the carbon coating on the structure and electrochemical properties of the composite was also investigated by physical characterization and electrochemical measurement technologies. The pitch carbon coating can decrease the surface area of graphite@nano-Si@C composite, and there are no silicon nanopowders bared on the surface. The first discharge/charge capacity of graphite@nano-Si composite is 644.6 and 582.1 mAh g−1 with initial coulombic efficiency of 90.31%, and the capacity retention after 300 cycles is 66.03%. The pitch carbon coating layer impedes delithiation reaction leading to the increase of delithiation voltage, which also affects the charge transport ability of graphite@nano-Si@C composite before activation. However, the capacity retention of graphite@nano-Si@C composite corresponding to 10 wt% and 20 wt% pitch addition after 300 cycles reaches 80.90% and 84.51% with first discharge capacity of 623.6 and 618.8 mAh g−1, respectively, which is attributed to the pitch carbon coating layer can stable the SEI film and buffer volume expansion to enhance the cycle performance.

Keywords

Inductively coupled plasma technology Silicon nanopowders Carbon coating graphite@nano-Si@C composite Li-ion batteries 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the Guangxi Innovation-Driven Development Project (AA17204022, AA18118001), the Science and Technology Plan of China Nonferrous Group (2016KJJH03), and the Scientific and Technological Plan of Guilin City (201607010322).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenping Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huarui Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Haiqing Qin
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yanlu Lv
    • 3
  • Feng Wang
    • 1
  • Guisheng Zhu
    • 1
  • Feng Lin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lihui Wang
    • 2
  • Chengyuan Ni
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information MaterialsGuilin University of Electronic TechnologyGuilinChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research Center for Special Mineral Material, Guangxi Key Laboratory of super hard materialChina Nonferrous Metal (Guilin) Geology And Mining Co., LtdGuilinChina
  3. 3.College of Materials Science and EngineeringGuilin University of TechnologyGuilinChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Air-driven Equipment Technology of Zhejiang Province, School of Mechanical EngineeringQuzhou UniversityQuzhouChina

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