Synthesis and electrochemical performance of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/SiO2 hybrid membrane for lithium-ion batteries
In this work, a series of rationally designed hybrid membranes composed of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) as polymer matrix and silica nanoparticles (SiO2) as inorganic fillers are prepared by combining slurry coating method and phase inversion method. The effects of the added SiO2 nanoparticles on the porosity, electrolyte wettability, thermal stability, and ionic conductivity of PVDF/SiO2 hybrid membranes are investigated systematically. Compared to the commercial polypropylene (PP) membrane, PVDF/SiO2 hybrid membranes present enhanced physical and electrochemical performance. Particularly, the incorporation of 5 wt.% SiO2 to PVDF polymer matrix (PVDF5 hybrid membrane) shows the highest ionic conductivity of 1 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 25 °C among all the samples. The electrochemical tests demonstrate that the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2/Li coin cell assembled with PVDF5 hybrid membrane exhibits high reversible discharge capacity (179 mAh g−1 at 0.05 C), excellent cyclic stability (169 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.1 C), and superior rate performance, which are much better than other counterparts and PP separator. Moreover, as for the large capacity battery application, 1.1 Ah LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2/graphite pouch cell with PVDF5 hybrid membrane can deliver a high discharge capacity of 992 mAh and good Coulombic efficiency of 99.5%. Evidently, the optimized PVDF/SiO2 hybrid membrane will be a very promising alternative to the commercial PP separator for advanced lithium-ion batteries.
KeywordsPoly(vinylidene fluoride) SiO2 Separator Conductivity Lithium-ion battery
Financial supports were from National Natural Science Foundation of China (21403196, 51572240, 51677170 and 51777194) and Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY16E070004, LY17E020010, 2017C01035 and LY18B030008).
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