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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 8, pp 2597–2604 | Cite as

Electrochemical investigation of magnetite-carbon nanocomposite in situ grown on nickel foam as a high-performance binderless pseudocapacitor

  • K. Malaie
  • MR Ganjali
  • T. Alizadeh
  • P. Norouzi
Original Paper
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

Magnetite-carbon nanocomposite was grown in situ on nickel foam by a novel auto-combustion method, and it was investigated for application as a pseudocapacitor electrode. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the magnetite-carbon (Fe3O4-C/Ni) show a sphere-like morphology with a diameter of 50 nm, and the amount of carbon in the nanocomposite was calculated 12.6% based on the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Infrared analysis indicates an in situ coating of the Fe3O4 nanospheres by carbon-oxygen moieties. The electrochemical behavior of the nanocomposite was studied in a wide potential window of 0 to − 1.2 V in 3 M KOH solution. The effect of a potential scan rate on the voltammetric currents shows a capacitive-dominant charge storage mechanism due probably to abundant electroactive sites on the electrode surface. A high specific capacitance of 300 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 in a wide potential window from 0 to − 1.2 V was achieved. The cycling stability studies were carried out in two different potential windows over 1000 CV cycles, and the nanocomposite showed a capacitance retention of 73% over 1 V. The pseudocapacitive performance observed here is superior to most of the magnetite-based pseudocapacitors reported to date.

Keywords

Fe3O4-C Nanospheres Nanocomposite Pseudocapacitor Stability 

Notes

Funding information

The authors receive financial support from the University of Tehran.

Supplementary material

10008_2018_3976_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2670 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Analytical Chemistry, School of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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