Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 8, pp 2561–2568 | Cite as

Ultrafast auto flame synthesis for the mass production of LiCoO2 as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries

  • Laxman Singh
  • Atendra Kumar
  • Hansol Lee
  • Jiwon Lee
  • Minsoo Ji
  • Youngil LeeEmail author
Original Paper


This article reports for the first time ultrafast automatic flame synthesis of high-quality LiCoO2 in open-air conditions as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries. This synthetic method offers the advantages of simplicity, energy, and time saving, as well as low cost with better electrochemical performance than the commercial LiCoO2. The reported method provides the opportunity to develop the scheme, to produce not only LiCoO2 but also commercially available isomorphs of lithium metal oxides as cathode materials beyond laboratory-scale limitations. The entire procedure is completed within 30–50 min, which is the easiest way to obtain LiCoO2 among the reported procedure so far. It can be found that the automatic flame-synthesized LiCoO2 has a better crystal structure and higher specific discharge capacity than the commercial LiCoO2 at all C rates, particularly at higher C rates.


LiCoO2 Auto flame synthesis Cathode material Lithium-ion batteries 


Funding information

This study was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF-2018R1A2B6001489) and Priority Research Centers Program (NRF-2009-0093818) in Republic of Korea.

Supplementary material

10008_2018_3972_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 2626 kb)
10008_2018_3972_MOESM2_ESM.mp4 (6 mb)
ESM 2 (MP4 6155 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laxman Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Atendra Kumar
    • 3
  • Hansol Lee
    • 1
  • Jiwon Lee
    • 1
  • Minsoo Ji
    • 1
  • Youngil Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of UlsanUlsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryR.R.S. College (Magadh University)MokamaIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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