Preparation of MgCo2O4/graphite composites as cathode materials for magnesium-ion batteries
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Magnesium-ion batteries are fabricated with MgCo2O4/graphite composites as the cathode material. MgCo2O4 nanoparticles are prepared using a co-precipitation method. A three-dimensional mixing process is utilized to mechanically decorate MgCo2O4 nanoparticles on graphite particles. The MgCo2O4 spinel crystals of size ranging from 20 to 70 nm on micrometer-sized graphite chunks are analyzed by using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of the as-prepared composites are well characterized by cyclic voltammetry, charge and discharge cycling, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Surprisingly, the MgCo2O4/graphite composite with a relatively low proportion of MgCo2O4, compared with the other as-prepared composites, achieves the highest specific capacity of 180 mAh g−1 at a C rate of 0.05 C. EIS results suggest that the electrical conductivity of the composite material is an increasing function of the graphite proportion. The superior performance of the MgCo2O4/graphite composite could be ascribed to the decoration of nanosized MgCo2O4 particles as well as to the increased conductivity provided by graphite.
KeywordsMg-ion battery Cathode Spinel structure Composite Magnesium cobaltite Graphite composites
The authors are very grateful to Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, for the financial support.
- 6.Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-lithium-ion-batteries-grounded-the-dreamliner/. Accessed June 10 2017