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Influence of organic solvents in the Pt nanoparticle synthesis on MWCNT for the methanol oxidation reaction

  • Carolina Silva-Carrillo
  • Balter Trujillo-Navarrete
  • Rosa María Félix-Navarro
  • Francisco Paraguay-Delgado
  • José Álvaro Chávez-Carvayar
  • Edgar Alonso Reynoso-Soto
Original Paper
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

We studied the effect of the organic solvent on the synthesis of platinum nanoparticles anchored on the surface of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (Pt NPs/MWCNT) by the reverse microemulsion method. For oil phase, three organic solvents of the same alkane chain length (six carbon atoms) were tested: hexane, cyclohexane, and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane. The total metallic content was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Pt NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The chemical structure of the oil phase influences the Pt loading and crystallite size. The catalyst prepared with 2,2,4-trimethylpentane showed the highest electrochemical active surface area, enhancing the mass and specific activity compared to the commercial electrocatalyst (Pt/C) in the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR).

Keywords

Platinum nanoparticles Reverse microemulsion Methanol oxidation reaction MWCNT 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank The National Technological Institute of Mexico (TecNM)/Tijuana Technological Institute for Scientific Research and The Investigations Center of Advanced Materials (CIMAV) for providing the facility of Nanotechnology National. C. Ornelas and Wilber Antunes are acknowledged for their technical help about HRTEM.

Funding information

We thank the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT, Mexico) for the grants (CONACyT, Grant CB-2014-240498, and INFR-224627).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Silva-Carrillo
    • 1
  • Balter Trujillo-Navarrete
    • 1
  • Rosa María Félix-Navarro
    • 1
  • Francisco Paraguay-Delgado
    • 2
  • José Álvaro Chávez-Carvayar
    • 3
  • Edgar Alonso Reynoso-Soto
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Graduados e Investigación en QuímicaInstituto Tecnológico de TijuanaTijuanaMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados SCChihuahuaMexico
  3. 3.Instituto de Investigación en MaterialesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCoyoacánMexico

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