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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 2259–2267 | Cite as

High-capacity nano-Si@SiOx@C anode composites for lithium-ion batteries with good cyclic stability

  • Ju Zhang
  • Jingwei Gu
  • Hongyan He
  • Mingqi LiEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

To suppress the volume change of silicon and enhance the conductivity of the electrodes, nano-Si@SiOx@C composites with different carbon content are synthesized, in which nano-Si is embedded in SiOx matrix and coated by pyrolyzed C. Among the as-prepared composites, nano-Si@SiOx@22.45 wt%C exhibits the best comprehensive electrochemical performance, which delivers a first reversible capacity of 1184 mAh g−1 with capacity retention of 93% after 150 cycles at 100 mA g−1. Moreover, it also shows good rate capability. The excellent electrochemical performance is attributed to the special structure and rational composition of the composite, in which the combination of a modest amount of coating carbon and SiOx matrix not only effectively mitigates the volume effect of nano-Si particles but also guarantees a high reversible capacity.

Keywords

Nano-silicon@silicon suboxide@carbon Lithium-ion battery Anode Electrochemical performance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was financially supported by Lithium-ion Battery Innovative Team Project of China West Normal University (No. CXTD2015-1), Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51374175), and Scientific Research Starting Foundation for Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, Sichuan Province (No. 201505).

Supplementary material

10008_2017_3578_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1182 kb).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringChina West Normal UniversityNanchongChina
  2. 2.Chemical Synthesis and Pollution Control Key Laboratory of Sichuan ProvinceNanchongChina

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