Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1665–1674 | Cite as

Iron-carbon nanohybrid particles as environmentally benign electrode for supercapacitor

  • Satyajit Ratha
  • Dnyanesh Vernekar
  • Kavin Sivaneri
  • Dinesh JagadeesanEmail author
  • Chandra Sekhar RoutEmail author
Original Paper


In this work, we report the synthesis and electrode applications of iron-carbon nanohybrid particles prepared by carbonization of a nanocomposite of FeOOH nanoneedles and melamine-formaldehyde resin. The chemical composition and microstructure of the material have been characterized using ICP-AES, FT-IR, XRD, FESEM, TEM and XPS. The supercapacitor properties of the MF-Fe-C are studied in detail. A thorough comparison of the supercapacitor performances of MF-Fe-C and bare MF-C has been carried out through detailed electrochemical characterisations employing both two and three-electrode techniques. The nanohybrid showed an enhanced energy density of 127.75 WhKg−1, specific capacitance of ∼408 F g−1 at 1 mVs−1 scan rate, and excellent cyclic stability even after 1000 charge-discharge cycles, making it an intriguing material for high energy density supercapacitor devices.

Graphical abstract

Carbonized Melamine-Formaldehyde-FeOOH composites as an intriguing material for supercapacitor application


Electrochemistry Nanohybrid Supercapacitor Energy density 



DJ acknowledges the financial support from the Science and Engineering Research Board (RJN-112/2012) and Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (37(2)/14/21/2015/BRNS). DV acknowledges the DST Inspire Doctoral Fellowship (IF150027). CSR would like to thank DST (Government of India) for the Ramanujan fellowship (Grant No. SR/S2/RJN-21/2012). This work was supported by the DST-SERB Fast-Track Young Scientist (Grant No. SB/FTP/PS-065/2013), UGC-UKIERI Thematic Awards (Grant No. UGC-2013-14/005), and BRNS-DAE (Grant No. 37(3)/14/48/2014-BRNS/1502). Also, part of this work is supported by the Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) through a joint INDO-US centre grant and Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), India, through a center of excellence grant. The authors acknowledge the electron microscopy facility at Centre for Materials Characterization in CSIR – National Chemical Laboratory.

Supplementary material

10008_2017_3537_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1162 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Basic SciencesIndian Institute of Technology – BhubaneswarBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering and Process Development DivisionCSIR – National Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia
  3. 3.Physical and Materials Chemistry DivisionCSIR – National Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia

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