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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 947–954 | Cite as

Tetra-β-nitro-substituted phthalocyanines: a new organic electrode material for lithium batteries

  • Yekang Wang
  • Jun Chen
  • Changcong Jiang
  • Nengwen Ding
  • Chunxiang Wang
  • Dong Li
  • Xiaolin Liu
  • Qian Zhang
  • Zhifeng Li
  • Shengwen Zhong
Original Paper

Abstract

Tetra-β-nitro-substituted nickel phthalocyanine (TN-NiPc) and hollow phthalocyanine (TN-H2Pc) were synthesized and investigated as novel organic electrode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries. After the two H atoms in the center of TN-H2Pc were replaced with Ni atoms, the interactive force between the phthalocyanine rings was reduced, which resulted in a fluffy morphology for the TN-NiPc that was beneficial to the transition of Li+. As a result, better electrochemical properties and reversibility were observed in the TN-NiPc electrodes compared to the TN-H2Pc electrode. The capacity of TN-NiPc electrode was stable at about 280 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C after 250 cycles at several different current rates of 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 1 C. The TN-NiPc based cathode materials may provide new opportunities for organic, flexible, and stable secondary lithium batteries.

Graphical Abstract

The TN-NiPc electrode shows better electrochemical properties than that of TN-H 2 Pc electrode, which is due to the strong hydrogen bond interaction and π-π interaction of TN-H 2 Pc molecules, resulting in more dense stacking degree of the phthalocyanine ring and restricting the transport of Li+ .

Keywords

Lithium-ion batteries Organic cathode material Phthalocyanine Nitro group Electrochemical performance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51372104), the Science Research Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education (No. GJJ150672), the Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Province (Nos. 20161BAB213082, 20141BBE50019), and the College Students Innovation and Entrepreneurship Project (No. 3103800136).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yekang Wang
    • 1
  • Jun Chen
    • 1
  • Changcong Jiang
    • 1
  • Nengwen Ding
    • 1
  • Chunxiang Wang
    • 1
  • Dong Li
    • 1
  • Xiaolin Liu
    • 1
  • Qian Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhifeng Li
    • 1
  • Shengwen Zhong
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Power Battery and MaterialsJiangxi University of Science and TechnologyGanzhouChina

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