Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 437–445 | Cite as

Porous, hollow Li1.2Mn0.53Ni0.13Co0.13O2 microspheres as a positive electrode material for Li-ion batteries

  • Shanmughasundaram Duraisamy
  • Tirupathi Rao Penki
  • Brij Kishore
  • Prabeer Barpanda
  • Prasant Kumar Nayak
  • Doron Aurbach
  • Nookala MunichandraiahEmail author
Original Paper


A porous, hollow, microspherical composite of Li2MnO3 and LiMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3O2 (composition: Li1.2Mn0.53Ni0.13Co0.13O2) was prepared using hollow MnO2 as the sacrificial template. The resulting composite was found to be mesoporous; its pores were about 20 nm in diameter. It also delivered a reversible discharge capacity value of 220 mAh g−1 at a specific current of 25 mA g−1 with excellent cycling stability and a high rate capability. A discharge capacity of 100 mAh g−1 was obtained for this composite at a specific current of 1000 mA g−1. The high rate capability of this hollow microspherical composite can be attributed to its porous nature.

Graphical Abstract


Sacrificial MnO2 template Hollow microspheres Lithium excess manganese oxide composite High discharge capacity High rate capability 



The authors thank the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, for funding this work as part of the India–Israel project. The authors also acknowledge the Saha Institute for Nuclear Physics, India, for facilitating the synchrotron experiments at the Indian Beamline (BL-18B), KEK Photon Factory (KEK-PF), Japan.


  1. 1.
    Thackeray MM, Kang SH, Johnson CS, Vaughey JT, Benedek R, Hackney SA (2007) J Mater Chem 17:3112–3125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rossouw MH, Thackeray MM (1991) Mater Res Bull 26:463–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kalyani P, Chitra S, Mohan T, Gopukumar S (1999) J Power Sources 80:103–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Johnson CS, Korte SD, Vaughey JT, Thackeray MM, Bofinger TE, Horn YS, Hackney SA (1999) J Power Sources 81–82:491–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tang W, Kanoh H, Ooi K, Wang Y (2000) J Mater Sci Lett 19:1361–1363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Robertson AD, Bruce PG (2002) Chem Commun 23:2790–2791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Armstrong AR, Robertson AD, Bruce PG (2005) J Power Sources 146:275–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pasero D, McLaren V, DeSouza S, West AR (2005) Chem Mater 17:345–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Park SH, Sato Y, Kim JK, Lee YS (2007) Mater Chem Phys 102:225–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yu DYW, Yanagida K, Kato Y, Nakamura H (2009) J Electrochem Soc 156:A417–A424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lim J, Moon J, Gim J, Kim S, Kim K, Song J, Kang J, Im WB, Kim J (2012) J Mater Chem 22:11772–11777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kim JS, Johnson CS, Vaughey JT, Thackeray MM, Hackney SA, Yoon W, Grey CP (2004) Chem Mater 16:1996–2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kang SH, Kempgens P, Greenbaum S, Kropf AJ, Amine K, Thackeray MM (2007) J Mater Chem 17:2069–2077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lim JH, Bang H, Lee KS, Amine K, Sun YK (2009) J Power Sources 189:571–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Amalraj F, Kovacheva D, Talianker M, Zeiri L, Grinblat J, Leifer N, Goobes G, Markovsky B, Aurbach D (2010) J Electrochem Soc 157:A1121–A1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Amalraj F, Sharon D, Talianker M, Julien CM, Burlaka L, Lavi R, Zhecheva E, Markovsky B, Zinigrad E, Kovacheva D, Stoyanova R, Aurbach D (2013) Electrochim Acta 97:259–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yang XY, Li Y, Lemaire A, Yu JG, Su BL (2009) Pure Appl Chem 81:2265–2307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Remith P, Kalaiselvi N (2014) Nanoscale 6:14724–14732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhu Z, Zhu L (2014) J Power Sources 256:178–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vu A, Qian Y, Stein A (2012) Adv Energy Mater 2:1056–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wei C, Deng J, Xi L, Zhou H, Wang Z, Chung CY, Yao Q, Rao G (2013) Int J Electrochem Sci 8:6775–6783Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jiang Y, Yang Z, Luo W, Hu X, Huang Y (2013) Phys Chem Chem Phys 15:2954–2960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhou L, Zhao D, Lou XW (2012) Angew Chem Int Ed 51:239–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Strobel P, Andron BL (1988) J Solid State Chem 75:90–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ma D, Zhang P, Li Y, Ren X (2015) Sci Rep 5:11257–11265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yan B, Liu J, Song B, Xiao P, Lu L (2013) Sci Rep 3:3332–3337Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Abouimrane A, Compton OC, Deng H, Belharouak I, Dikin DA, Nguyen ST, Amine K (2011) Electrochem Solid State Lett 14:A126–A129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang J, Lu Q, Fang J, Wang J, Yang J, NuLi Y (2014) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:17965–17973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Thackeray MM, Johnson CS, Vaughey JT, Li N, Hackney SA (2005) J Mater Chem 15:2257–2267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shaju KM, Rao GVS, Chowdari BVR (2002) Electrochim Acta 48:145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Reed J, Ceder G (2002) Electrochem Solid State Lett 5:A145–A148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang J, Qiu B, Cao H, Xia Y, Liu Z (2012) J Power Sources 218:128–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kang SH, Thackeray MM (2009) Electrochem Commun 11:748–751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    He W, Qian J, Cao Y, Ai X, Yang H (2012) RSC Adv 2:3423–3429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gallagher KG, Croy JR, Balasubramanian M, Bettge M, Abraham DP, Burrell AK, Thackeray MM (2013) Electrochem Commun 33:96–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Croy JR, Gallagher KG, Balasubramanian M, Chen Z, Ren Y, Kim D, Kang SH, Dees DW, Thackeray MM (2013) J Phys Chem C 117:6525–6536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Toprakci O, Toprakci HAK, Li Y, Ji L, Xue L, Lee H, Zhang S, Zhang X (2013) J Power Sources 241:522–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Liu J, Chen L, Hou M, Wang F, Che R, Xia Y (2012) J Mater Chem 22:25380–25387CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanmughasundaram Duraisamy
    • 1
  • Tirupathi Rao Penki
    • 1
  • Brij Kishore
    • 1
  • Prabeer Barpanda
    • 2
  • Prasant Kumar Nayak
    • 3
  • Doron Aurbach
    • 3
  • Nookala Munichandraiah
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Inorganic and Physical ChemistryIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Faraday Materials Laboratory, Materials Research CentreIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

Personalised recommendations