Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 3087–3096

Smart synthesis of hollow core mesoporous shell carbons (HCMSC) as effective catalyst supports for methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction reactions

  • J. Zeng
  • C. Francia
  • C. Gerbaldi
  • M. A. Dumitrescu
  • S. Specchia
  • P. Spinelli
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10008-012-1750-3

Cite this article as:
Zeng, J., Francia, C., Gerbaldi, C. et al. J Solid State Electrochem (2012) 16: 3087. doi:10.1007/s10008-012-1750-3

Abstract

The present paper describes an easy and quick synthesis of hollow core mesoporous shell carbon (HCMSC) simply templated from unpretreated solid core mesoporous shell silica using a cheap precursor like sucrose. Physical characterizations showed uniform spherical carbon capsules with a hollow macroporous core of ca. 305- and 55-nm-thick mesoporous shell, forming a well-developed 3-D interconnected bimodal porosity. High specific surface area and large pore volume were also confirmed, suggesting the obtained HCMSC as a promising catalyst support. HCMSC-supported Pt (nominal 20 wt.%) with an average Pt particle size of 1.9 nm was synthesized by wet impregnation, and a signal of strong interaction between carbon support and platinum was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry tests, the Pt/HCMSC electrode showed significantly higher electrocatalytic activity for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) if compared with commercial Pt/Vulcan catalyst. The durability tests by cyclic voltammetry showed for the Pt/HCMSC a lower electrochemical active surface area loss than the commercial one in acidic solution. All the primary tests suggested that the Pt/HCMSC, due to its particular structure and the high dispersion of noble metal particles, is a promising catalyst for fuel cell applications, for MOR and ORR.

Keywords

Hollow core mesoporous shell carbon (HCMSC) Platinum Methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) Durability Fuel Cell electrocatalyst 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Zeng
    • 1
  • C. Francia
    • 1
  • C. Gerbaldi
    • 1
  • M. A. Dumitrescu
    • 1
  • S. Specchia
    • 1
  • P. Spinelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Science and TechnologyPolitecnico di TorinoTurinItaly

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