Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 569–578 | Cite as

Blocking properties of gold electrodes modified with 4-nitrophenyl and 4-decylphenyl groups

  • Marko Kullapere
  • Margus Marandi
  • Leonard Matisen
  • Fakhradin Mirkhalaf
  • Adriana E. Carvalho
  • Gilberto Maia
  • Väino Sammelselg
  • Kaido Tammeveski
Original Paper


The electrochemical properties of Au electrodes grafted with 4-nitrophenyl and 4-decylphenyl groups have been studied. The electrografting of gold electrode surface with aryl groups was carried out by electroreduction of the corresponding diazonium salts in acetonitrile. The nitrophenyl film growth on gold was examined by atomic force microscopy, electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These measurements showed that a multilayer film of nitrophenyl groups was formed. Cyclic voltammetry was used to study the blocking properties of aryl-modified gold electrodes towards the Fe(CN)63−/4− redox system. The reduction of oxygen was strongly suppressed on these electrodes as evidenced by the rotating disc electrode results.


Electrochemical grafting Diazonium salts Gold electrode Oxygen reduction Hexacyanoferrate 



This research was supported by the Estonian Science Foundation (grants nos. 7546 and 8666).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marko Kullapere
    • 1
  • Margus Marandi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leonard Matisen
    • 2
  • Fakhradin Mirkhalaf
    • 3
  • Adriana E. Carvalho
    • 4
  • Gilberto Maia
    • 4
  • Väino Sammelselg
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kaido Tammeveski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  3. 3.Sonochemistry CentreCoventry UniversityCoventryUK
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUFMSCampo GrandeBrazil

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