Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 877–890

The use of in situ techniques in R&D of Li and Mg rechargeable batteries


DOI: 10.1007/s10008-011-1324-9

Cite this article as:
Amalraj, S.F. & Aurbach, D. J Solid State Electrochem (2011) 15: 877. doi:10.1007/s10008-011-1324-9


Rechargeable batteries are complicated devices in which three bulk zones (electrodes, electrolyte solution) and two interfaces have to work simultaneously and coherently, without any side reactions. The study of electrode materials and electrode–solution interfaces of rechargeable batteries requires the use of first-rate techniques for structure and surface analysis, in conjunction with electrochemical methods. The use of in situ techniques in which spectroscopy, diffractometry, or microscopy are measured in conjunction with an electrochemical response may be highly important and beneficial for battery research. We review herein the use of in situ Fourier transform–infrared spectroscopy, Raman, X-ray absorption, mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance techniques for research and development of rechargeable Li and Mg batteries.


In situ techniques Rechargeable Li and Mg batteries Surface analysis Electrochemical systems 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

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