Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 14, Issue 11, pp 2129–2135 | Cite as

Direct electron transfer of cytochrome C and its electrocatalytic properties on multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ciprofloxacin films

  • S. Ashok Kumar
  • Sea-Fue Wang
  • Chun-Ting Yeh
  • His-Chuan Lu
  • Jen-Chang Yang
  • Yu-Tsern Chang
Original Paper


In this study, stable and homogenous thin films of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were obtained on conducting surface using ciprofloxacin (CF, fluoroquinolone antibiotic) as an effective-dispersing agent. Further, MWCNTs/CF film modified electrodes (glassy carbon and indium tin oxide-coated glass electrode) are used successfully to study the direct electrochemistry of proteins. Here, cytochrome C (Cyt-C) was used as a model protein for investigation. A MWCNTs/CF film modified electrode was used as a biocompatible material for immobilization of Cyt-C from a neutral buffer solution (pH 7.2) using cyclic voltammetry (CV). Interestingly, Cyt-C retained its native state on the MWCNTs/CF film. The Cyt-C adsorbed MWCNTs/CF film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) and CV. SEM images showed the evidence for the adsorption of Cyt-C on the MWCNTs/CF film, and UV–vis spectrum confirmed that Cyt-C was in its native state on MWCNTs/CF film. Using CV, it was found that the electrochemical signal of Cyt-C was highly stable in the neutral buffer solution and its redox peak potential was pH dependent. The formal potential (−0.27 V) and electron transfer rate constant (13 ± 1 s−1) were calculated for Cyt-C on MWCNTs/CF film modified electrode. A potential application of the Cyt-C/MWCNTs/CF electrode as a biosensor to monitor H2O2 has been investigated. The steady-state current response increases linearly with H2O2 concentration from 2 × 10−6 to 7.8 × 10−5 M. The detection limit for determination of H2O2 has been found to be 1.0 × 10−6 M (S/N = 3). Thus, Cyt-C/MWCNTs/CF film modified electrode can be used as a biosensing material for sensor applications.


Hydrogen peroxide sensor Biosensor Carbon nanotubes Cytochrome C 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ashok Kumar
    • 1
  • Sea-Fue Wang
    • 1
  • Chun-Ting Yeh
    • 1
  • His-Chuan Lu
    • 1
  • Jen-Chang Yang
    • 2
  • Yu-Tsern Chang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials and Mineral Resources EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and EngineeringTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringNanya Institute of TechnologyJhongliTaiwan

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