Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 149–155 | Cite as

A miniaturized and integrated galvanic cell for the potentiometric measurement of ions in biological liquids

  • J. MigdalskiEmail author
  • B. Bas
  • T. Blaz
  • J. Golimowski
  • A. LewenstamEmail author
Original Paper


A procedure for an all-plastic electrochemical cell comprising miniaturized planar indicator and reference electrodes is described. All electrodes are based on conducting polymers, are fully integrated, and contain no internal electrolyte. The reference microsensors were deposited via electrochemical polymerization from a water solution containing the monomer 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) or 1-methylpyrrole (MPy) and a biochemical buffer 3-(N-morpholino) propanesulfonic acid [MOPS], 2-(N-morpholino) ethanesulfonic acid [MES], or 2-hydroxy-5-sulfobenzoic acid [SSA]). Ion-sensitive microelectrodes were prepared by the deposition of the ion-sensitive membrane solution (Ca2+, K+, and Cl) directly onto the mediating poly-EDOT (PEDOT), PEDOT–SSA, PEDOT–MES, PEDOT–MOPS, or poly-MPy–MOPS layers.


Ion-selective electrode Reference electrode Galvanic cell Potentiometry Clinical analysis 



Financial support from the Polish State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN), project number 3T08E 085 30 and R15 005 03, is gratefully acknowledged. Mrs. Anna Lingenfelter is acknowledged for improving the English of this text.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Material Science and CeramicsAGH-University of Science and TechnologyCracowPoland
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Center for Process Analytical Chemistry and Sensor Technology (ProSens), c/o Process Chemistry Center of ExcellenceÅbo Akademi UniversityTurku (Åbo)Finland

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