Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 12, Issue 10, pp 1245–1254

New directions for carbon-based detectors: exploiting the versatility of carbon substrates in electroanalysis

Review

DOI: 10.1007/s10008-008-0535-1

Cite this article as:
Villalba, M.M. & Davis, J. J Solid State Electrochem (2008) 12: 1245. doi:10.1007/s10008-008-0535-1

Abstract

The different approaches that have been taken in the development of electrochemical detectors incorporating carbon as the principal electrode substrate are reviewed. The multitude of forms that carbon can take provides an extremely versatile platform upon which to enhance the detector performance. The different approaches that have been taken in recent years have been critically appraised and the emergence of new composite technologies is highlighted. The role of carbon and the applications to which it has been employed are presented and compared and contrasted within the remit of electroanalytical investigations.

Keywords

Chromatography LC-ED FIA Detectors Electroanalysis 

Abbreviations

GC

glassy carbon

CF

carbon fibre

RVC

reticulated vitreous carbon

HOPG

highly orientated pyrolytic graphite

eppg

edge plene pyrolytic graphite

bppg

basal plane pyrolytic graphite

CNTs

carbon nanotubes

CMEs

chemically modified electrodes

SWCNT

single-wall carbon nanotube

MWCNT

multi-walled carbon nanotube

SPE

screen-printed electrode

LC

liquid chromatography

Cyt C

cytochrome C

OPP

over-oxidised polypyrrole

GOD

glucose oxidase

HAO

histamine oxidase

ChOD

choline oxidase

GlutaOD

glutamate oxidase

NOX

NADH oxidase

GluDH

glutamate dehydrogenase

XOD

xanthine oxidase

PB

Prussian blue

MPT

methyl-patanthion

AA

ascorbic acid

HRP

horseradish peroxidase

PQQ

pyrrolquinoline quinone

IgG

immunoglobulin G

N/A

not applicable

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biomedical and Natural SciencesNottingham Trent UniversityNottinghamUK

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