Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 10, Issue 11, pp 905–913

Simultaneous determination of dopamine and ascorbic acid on poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) modified glassy carbon electrode

  • S. Senthil Kumar
  • J. Mathiyarasu
  • K. L. N. Phani
  • V. Yegnaraman
Original Paper

Abstract

Detection of dopamine (DA) in the presence of excess of ascorbic acid (AA) has been demonstrated using a conducting polymer matrix, poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) film in neutral buffer (PBS 7.4) solution. The PEDOT film was deposited on a glassy carbon electrode by electropolymerization of EDOT from acetonitrile solution. Atomic force microscopy studies revealed that the electrodeposited film was found to be approximately 100 nm thick with a roughness factor of 2.6 nm. Voltammetric studies have shown catalytic oxidation of DA and AA on PEDOT modified electrode and can afford a peak potential separation of ∼0.2 V. It is speculated that the cationic PEDOT film interacts with the negatively charged ascorbate anion through favorable electrostatic interaction, which results in pre-concentration at a less anodic value. The positively charged DA tends to interact with the hydrophobic regions of PEDOT film through hydrophobic–hydrophobic interaction thus resulting in favorable adsorption on the polymer matrix. Further enhancement in sensitivity to micro molar level oxidation current for DA/AA oxidation was achieved by square wave voltammetry (SWV) which can detect DA at its low concentration of 1 μM in the presence of 1000 times higher concentration of AA (1 mM). Thus the PEDOT modified electrode exhibited a stable and sensitive response to DA in the presence of AA interference.

Keywords

Conducting polymer Poly (3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) PEDOT Dopamine Ascorbic acid Hydrophobic 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Senthil Kumar
    • 1
  • J. Mathiyarasu
    • 1
  • K. L. N. Phani
    • 1
  • V. Yegnaraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrodics & Electrocatalysis DivisionCentral Electrochemical Research InstituteKaraikudiIndia

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