Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 423–427 | Cite as

Proximity of the maxillary artery to the neck of the mandibular condyle: anatomical study

  • Francisco Paulo Araújo MaiaEmail author
  • Gilberto Cunha de Sousa Filho
  • Fernando Augusto Pacífico
  • Lucas Carvalho Aragão Albuquerque
  • Amanda Freire de Melo Vasconcelos
  • Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
Original Article



The objective of this study was to evaluate the anatomical distance of the maxillary artery, the most superior portion of the condyle and subcondyle in standardized coronal sections, acquired from 16 hemifaces in 8 cadavers.


Measurements were taken to evaluate the distance between the uppermost portion of the mandibular condyle and the height of the maxillary artery (AB) and between the lateral (CD) and medial (EF) sides of the condylar neck to the artery.


The mean for AB was 21.1 mm hemiface right and 22.9 mm left on the anterior face, 22.5 mm and 20.7 mm, respectively, on the rear face. The CD measurement presented 6.7 mm right side in the anterior face and 6.3 mm left, and the posterior face was 6.3 mm right side and 5.4 mm left; EF presented a mean of 2.2 mm right and 1.5 mm left on the anterior face and 1.6 mm for both sides on the posterior face.


There was no statistically significant difference between hemifaces. The proximity of the maxillary artery to the medial face of the neck of the mandibular condyle is millimetric and presents risks of severe hemorrhage for interventions in the infratemporal fossa.


Carotid arteries Hemorrhage Maxillary artery Mandibular condyle Temporomandibular joint 



The authors acknowledge the Department of Human Anatomy, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Paulo Araújo Maia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gilberto Cunha de Sousa Filho
    • 2
  • Fernando Augusto Pacífico
    • 2
  • Lucas Carvalho Aragão Albuquerque
    • 2
  • Amanda Freire de Melo Vasconcelos
    • 2
  • Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity of Pernambuco-School of Dentistry (UPE/FOP)CamaragibeBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Human AnatomyFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity of PernambucoCamaragibeBrazil

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