Mandibular war injuries caused by bullets and shell fragments: a comparative study
- 22 Downloads
Is to compare the patterns, severity, and management of the high- and low-velocity mandibular war injuries managed at Al Shaheed Gazi Al-Hariri Hospital in Baghdad Medical City, Iraq, during a 2-year period.
Forty-one patients with a history of mandibular war injuries treated by our maxillofacial team were reviewed during a period of 2 years (2015–2017). All patients were treated in the Maxillofacial Unit of the Hospital of Specialized Surgeries in Baghdad Medical City.
A 2-year retrospective study evaluated 41 patients with mandibular war injuries with a total of 94 fractures (comminution represents 79.06% of the bullet injuries, while it is only 62.74% with IED injuries). Management of these injuries was varied according to the severity of the injuries and resources available. Close reduction was used in 72.72% of the linear fracture cases, whereas open technique was used in 56.6% of the comminuted fractures.
Bullet injuries were associated with a higher number of mandibular comminuted fractures, in addition to more extensive bone loss. While shell injuries of IED (improvised explosive devices), on the other hand, were associated with higher infection rate and more postoperative complication.
KeywordsMandibular fractures War injuries Bullets Shell fragments
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 2.Perry M, Brown A, Banks P (2015) Fractures of the facial skeleton. WileyGoogle Scholar
- 4.Breeze J, Tong D, Gibbons A (2017 May 20) Contemporary management of maxillofacial ballistic trauma. Br J Oral Maxillofac SurgGoogle Scholar
- 15.Ugboko VI, Owotade FJ, Oginni FO, Odusanya SA (1999) Gunshot injuries of the orofacial region in Nigerian. SADJ 54(9)Google Scholar
- 20.Holleran RS (ed) (2003) Air and surface patient transport: principles and practice. Mosby IncorporatedGoogle Scholar