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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 53–57 | Cite as

Multiple primary enoral soft tissue manifestations of a Hodgkin lymphoma—case report and literature review

  • P. W. KämmererEmail author
  • E. Schiegnitz
  • T. Hansen
  • G. F. Draenert
  • H. D. Kuffner
  • M. O. Klein
Case Report

Abstract

Background

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are lymphoproliferative neoplasms, histologically comprising of mononuclear and multinucleated Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg cells (HRS). About 4 % of all lymphatic malignancies of the head and neck are HL. The typical disease presents itself as a nodal lesion. Extranodal, enoral soft tissue involvement by HL is very rare.

Case report

A 73-year-old man with a suspect, ulcerating lesion in the left retromolar region of the mandible was assigned to our hospital. Prior anti-inflammatory therapy has been without success. Subsequently, three biopsies were taken which could only show inflammation. Finally, two biopsies from the left retromolar region and the left inner cheek showed HRS cells with positive expressions of CD15 and CD30 corresponding to a Hodgkin lymphoma. No lymphatic node or bone involvement could be detected. The patient was designated to receive radio-chemotherapy, but died 3 weeks after diagnosis of multiple organ failure. In a literature review, together with this report, nine cases were found concerning primary HL of the oral mucosa. Accordingly, this is the first case of primary multiple extranodal HL in the oral mucosa in absence of lymphatic node involvement.

Discussion

Neither clinical features nor radiological appearances of HL presenting as primary enoral lesions are pathognomonic. Especially when only small biopsy specimens are available, histological diagnosis remains challenging, may lead to a delay in therapy and may result in a significant worse prognosis.

Keywords

Lymphoma Hodgkin Primary enoral Multiple Mouth Review Prognosis 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. W. Kämmerer
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. Schiegnitz
    • 1
  • T. Hansen
    • 2
  • G. F. Draenert
    • 1
  • H. D. Kuffner
    • 1
  • M. O. Klein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial and Plastic SurgeryUniversity Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg-UniversityMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of PathologyUniversity Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg-UniversityMainzGermany

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