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Studies of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia adsorption on P- and Si-doped graphene: density functional theory calculations

  • Víctor Eduardo Comparán PadillaEmail author
  • María Teresa Romero de la Cruz
  • Yuliana Elizabeth Ávila Alvarado
  • Reyes García Díaz
  • Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez García
  • Gregorio Hernández Cocoletzi
Original Paper
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Abstract

Studies of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3) adsorption on phosphorus (P) and silicon (Si) doped graphene are performed by ab initio calculations using the periodic density functional theory (DFT). The P and Si incorporation in graphene distorts the unit cell altering the bond lengths and angles. Unlike the pristine, the phosphorus-doped graphene shows a metallic behavior, and the silicon-doped graphene is a semiconductor with an energy gap of 0.25 eV. Moreover, the electronic properties of phosphorus-doped graphene may change with the adsorption of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia. However, the silicon-doped graphene only shows changes with the adsorption of hydrogen sulfide. In addition, the silicon-doped graphene exhibits chemisorption when interacting with ammonia. According to the obtained results, phosphorus-doped graphene is suitable as a gas sensor of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, in contrast with the silicon-doped structure, which may be used as a sensor of hydrogen sulfide.

Graphical Abstract

Ammonia adsorption on Si-doped graphene

Keywords

Graphene Doped Adsorption Density functional theory Gas sensor 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the doctorate program in materials of the Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila. RGD would like to acknowledge CONACyT postdoctoral scholarship. G.H.C. acknowledges the financial support of VIEP-BUAP, grant HECG-EXC-157, CONACYT project #223180 and Cuerpo Académico Física Computacional de la Materia Condensada (BUAP-CA-191). Calculations were performed in the IFUAP and LNS-BUAP.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Víctor Eduardo Comparán Padilla
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Teresa Romero de la Cruz
    • 2
  • Yuliana Elizabeth Ávila Alvarado
    • 3
  • Reyes García Díaz
    • 4
  • Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez García
    • 2
  • Gregorio Hernández Cocoletzi
    • 5
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Química AplicadaSaltilloMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias Físico MatemáticasUniversidad Autónoma de CoahuilaSaltilloMexico
  3. 3.Facultad de SistemasUniversidad Autónoma de CoahuilaArteagaMexico
  4. 4.CONACyT-Facultad de Ciencias Físico MatemáticasUniversidad Autónoma de CoahuilaSaltilloMexico
  5. 5.Instituto de Física Luis Rivera TerrazasBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de PueblaPueblaMexico

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