Electroic and optical properties of germanene/MoS2 heterobilayers: first principles study
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First principles calculations have been performed to investigate the structural, electronic, and optical properties of germanene/MoS2 heterostructures. The results show that a weak van der Waals coupling between germanene and MoS2 layers can lead to a considerable band-gap opening (53 meV) as well as the preserved Dirac cone with a linear band dispersion of germanene. The applied external electric filed can not only enhance the interaction strength between two layers, but also linearly control the charge transfer between germanene and MoS2 layers, and consequently lead to a tunable band gap. Furthermore, the reduction in the optical absorption intensity of the heterostructures with respect to the separated monolayers has been predicted. These findings suggest that the Ge/MoS2 hybrid can be designed as the device where both finite band gap and high carrier mobility are required.
KeywordsGermanene/MoS2 Heterobilayers Band gaps Electric field Optical properties
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: 21103096), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2014AM025). We also thank the Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province (ts201511027).
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